Showing posts with label pollution. Show all posts
Showing posts with label pollution. Show all posts

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is Wrong

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, announces conclusions and directives that are not in the realm of reality. Ending the use of coal by 2040 and eliminating cars by 2050 is not going to happen. Future generations will have to deal with the damage caused by climate change because people are just human. A dead crow is left on road to be crushed into obliteration. No one stops to picks it up and throws it into the bushes. No improvement will be made until most people accept that Climate change is real.

Home Arguments Software Resources Comments Consensus Project Translations About Donate TwitterFacebookYouTubePinterestRSS PostsRSS CommentsEmail Subscribe Climate's changed sun bad consensus cooling Models unreliable Temp record unreliable Animals plants adapt hasn't warmed 998 Antarctica gaining ice View Arguments Username Password Keep logged New? Register Forgot password? Latest Posts Archives Climate Hustle IPCC global surface warming projections accurate science Global surface temperature measurements range IPCC projections. Climate Myth IPCC global warming projections wrong Yet leaked report extraordinary concession past years, recorded world temperatures increased quarter rate IPCC claimed published last assessment 2007. Back then, observed warming years 990-2005 taken place rate 0.2C per decade, predicted would continue 20 years, basis forecasts computer climate models. report observed warming recent years 2012 0.05C per decade computer predictions." (David Rose) figure 2013 Intergovernmental Panel Climate Change (IPCC) report compares global surface warming projections 990, 995, 2001, 2007 IPCC reports temperature measurements. IPCC AR5 Figure .4. Solid lines squares represent measured average global surface temperature changes NAS (blue).

NO (yellow), UK Hadley Centre (green). colored shading shows projected range surface warming IPCC First Assessment Report (FAR; yellow), Second (SAR; green), Third (TAR; blue), Fourth (AR4; red). IPCC AR5 Figure .4. Solid lines squares represent measured average global surface temperature changes NAS (blue), NO (yellow), UK Hadley Centre (green). colored shading shows projected range surface warming IPCC First Assessment Report (FAR; yellow), Second (SAR; green), Third (TAR; blue), Fourth (AR4; red). 990, global surface temperatures warmed rate 0.15°C per decade, range model projections 0.10 0.35°C per decade. IPCC notes. global climate models generally simulate global temperatures compare observations climate timescales ... 990–2012 data shown consistent [1990 IPCC report] projections, consistent zero trend 990 ... trend globally-averaged surface temperatures falls range previous IPCC projections. Naysayers? weeks months leading publication final 2013 IPCC report, flood opinion articles blogs mainstream media claiming models used IPCC dramatically over-predicted global warming thus failure.

This narrative clearly conflicts IPCC model-data comparison figure shown above, what's going on? mistaken climate contrarian articles suffered combination errors. ) Publicizing flawed draft IPCC model-data comparison figure Late last year, early draft IPCC report leaked, including draft version figure shown above. version graph flaws, including significant immediately noted statistician climate blogger Tamino. flaw this: series (both projections observations) aligned 990. observations include random year-to-year fluctuations, whereas projections average multiple models averages ... projections aligned value due existing trend observations 990. Aligning projections single extra-hot year projections seem hot, observations cool comparison. draft version IPCC figure, simply visual illusion surface temperature data appeared warming less slowly model projections, measured temperature trend fell range model simulations. Obviously mistake subsequently corrected. This illustrates bad idea publicize material draft form, definition work progress. 2) Ignoring range model simulations single model simulates possible future climate outcome. reality, infinite number possible outcomes, depending various factors greenhouse gas emissions natural climate variability change. This climate modelers predictions; projections, say scenario 'x', climate change 'y' fashion.

shaded regions IPCC figure represent range outcomes individual climate model simulations. IPCC illustrates "multi-model mean," averages together individual model simulation runs. This average easy comparison observational data; however, there's believe climate follow average path, especially short-term. natural factors act amplify human-caused global surface warming, 990s, climate likely warm faster model average short-term. natural factors act dampen global surface warming, 2000s, climate likely warm slowly model average. model simulations averaged together, random natural variability individual model runs cancel out, steady human-caused global warming trend remains left over. reality climate behaves single model simulation run, average model runs. This important retain shaded range individual model runs. 3) Cherry Picking claims IPCC models failed based surface temperature changes past years (1998–2012). During period, temperatures risen 50 percent slowly multi-model average, remained range individual model simulation runs. However, 998 represented abnormally hot year Earth's surface due strongest El Niño events.

20th century. Thus represents poor choice starting date analyze surface warming trend (selectively choosing convenient start and/or points known 'cherry picking'). For example, select different 5-year period, 992–2006, surface warming trend nearly 50 percent faster multi-model average, statistician Tamino helpfully illustrates figure below. Fast warming trend 992–2006, slow warming trend 997–2012. Global surface temperature data 975–2012 NAS linear trend (black), trends 992–2006 (red) 998–2012 (blue). short, climate contrarians declaring global surface warming accelerating control 2006, business declaring global surface warming 'paused' 2013. Both statements equally wrong, based cherry picking noisy short-term data. IPCC models accurate. For 992–2006, natural variability climate amplified human-caused global surface warming, dampened surface warming 997–2012. Over full period, overall warming rate remained range IPCC model projections, 2013 IPCC report notes.

long-term climate model simulations show trend global-mean surface temperature 951 2012 agrees observed trend (very confidence). are, however, differences simulated observed trends periods short years (e.g., 998 2012). IPCC notes climate models accurately simulated trends extreme cold heat, large-scale precipitation pattern changes, ocean heat content (where global warming goes). Models better simulate Arctic sea ice decline, previously dramatically underestimated. all, IPCC models impressive job accurately representing projecting changes global climate, contrary contrarian claims. fact, IPCC global surface warming projections performed better predictions climate contrarians. important remember weather predictions climate predictions different. harder predict weather further future. With climate predictions, short-term variability (like unpredictable ocean cycles) predictions difficult. actually better predicting climate changes several decades future, time short-term fluctuations average out. That's climate models hard time predicting changes 0–15 years, predictions several decades future, IPCC illustrates.

This news, climate change, long-term changes worried about: IPCC surface temperature change projections IPCC AR5 projected global average surface temperature changes emissions scenario (RCP8.5; red) emissions scenario (RCP2.6; blue). Intermediate rebuttal written dana1981 Update July 2015: Here related lecture-video Denial101x Making Sense Climate Science Denial Last updated July 2015 pattimer. View Archives Printable Version | Offline PDF Version | Link page Comments Comments : sailing 01:57 AM September, 2017 Nice work! would convincing record temperatures 2014, 2015, 2016 plotted. Post Comment Political, off-topic ad hominem comments deleted. Comments Policy. logged post comment. Login left margin new, register here. © copyright 2018 if john if cook if home if links if translations if about if us if contact us
Coral reef pollution

Australia Discovers New Way to Purify Water

||| Australia . |. |||
The UV light sterilization framework is broadly utilized to create clean water. It has issues that are not really made public. Microorganisms are killed off yet salts, petroleum byproducts, pharmaceuticals, metals and chlorine are not. The procedure uses large amounts of power, so everything stops when blackouts occur. In the event that the base water has solids the system does not function.   ||| australian Water purify way new australia on discovers photocatalyst ultraviolet |||
Ultraviolet water purification
Researchers have been attempting to discover another method for quite a while. The Australian National University Research School of Chemistry has figured out a new way. ANU conducted the study in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the University of New South Wales, Western Sydney University, and the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation.  With the technique, toxins are disintegrated by utilizing modified titanium dioxide as a photocatalyst using daylight. The team added nitrogen and niobium ions in pairs into the titanium dioxide to improve its performance as a photocatalyst.  The process purifies wastewater faster, cheaper and more efficiently than anything currently on the market - all without the need for ultraviolet.   ||| australia water discovers way water new | |||    

Group leader Professor Yun Liu from Australian National University said that the invention was 15 times more efficient than leading commercialised products.  With innovative techniques, we can use our photocatalyst for the purification of water with natural sunlight instead of UV and dramatically reduce costs for operators.  The photocatalyst can completely decompose organic pollutants in wastewaters in 20 minutes, compared with the leading commercialised products which take one hour to decompose only 26 per cent of the same pollutants. It is an important breakthrough.  With four years of work done in this area, we now understand the schema and can rationally design catalysts.  | water australia new purify way| not. |      

The approach has an extensive range of applications: to treat water for human consumption,  glassmaking, to speed up chemical reactions, for industrial processes, in the automotive sector, self-cleaning building materials, the environment, making hydrogen fuel, medical and other sectors. It is cheaper than the current approach. Moreover, the new technique is 15 times more productive.  ANU has filed a provisional patent covering the discovery, which involves the design strategy, chemical composition and manufacturing.  |||discovers Water purify on way new discovers .|||
  titanium to dioxide national||| travel news stories || |
| | |
◆ Archeology 
Tys Outback
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
| university ultraviolet | | photos articles news blog stories |||

Not Positive Work on Coal-Fired Power Station Carbon Capture - Pollution

Coal powered power stations to lessen pollution by carbon capture - power.
For decades there has been much talk about capturing carbon from coal-fired power stations. So far projects have failed to come up with a viable solution. Coal is dirty and it remains so. Nuclear is more realistic alternative but it is dangerous.
  power pollution carbon coal-fired capture soda ash power stations pollution news
Pollution from coal-fired power station
A new attempt is about to be made in India by Carbon Clean Solutions (CCSL). Claims are being made of capture costs as low $30.00 a tonne, half of that achieved so far in other tests. Pollution is also claimed to be reduced to zero. Such figures are obviously totally baseless.
    carbon coal-fired pollution power stations cement fertilizer news
Reduction of carbon by salt and amines to soda ash is the method to be used. Soda ash is used for fertilizer and cement. There is more than one system. The list includes solvent, membrane and negative emission.
  carbon power stations coal-fired soda ash fertilizer cement station
The UK has cut funding in its research program. President Trump of the US has indicated he will expand coal power stations as there is no global warming caused by pollution - he believes. Countries are not acting in a positive manner to reduce the deleterious affect of coal.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
research capture coal-fired positive station

Animal Biodiversity is the Highest Ever

Despite extinctions the number of animal types in the world is at an all-time high. This is due to a proliferation over the last 200 million years. It seems as time goes on the number of species increases. This seems to be a law on this planet and maybe the universe.
Animal biodiversity on the planet world
There are indications that humans could be changing this by causing extinctions. However, it will be a long time before the variation of species declines significantly. With the poles melting a tipping point could be reached where even humans are under threat of disappearing. This is just a theory at this time. Perhaps, changing the way we live will make things better for all creatures.

Human knowledge is going on a pace. There are new discoveries minute to minute. Indeed, it is difficult for specialists to keep up with all the reading that is necessary. Even general practitioners say there are not enough hours in the day to keep abreast of the latest breakthroughs.
 Evolution by Ty Buchanan 
            Australian Blog   Adventure Australia
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
science chemistry evolution discovery man species proliferation last 200 million years humans threat world

Ships' Ballast Water Spreads Marine Creatures

As international trade continues so does "equalization" of the planet. Many marine species are now found in all waters of the world. This is because transport ships literally hoover up animals in ballast water, which is released at any time, any place, when it is no longer needed.
Ship releasing ballast into a port
All ballast water is released into a port when cargo is taken onboard. Marine survivors of this rough treatment give the local environment a go. Some are successful and multiply to epidemic proportions. Zebra mussels and Pacific seastars in particular are a major problem.

An Australian study gathered data such as ports where ballast was likely to be taken on and where it would probably be released. Marine species spread this way were identified and it was predicted how long they would survive. This data was fed into a computer.

It was noticed that shipping volume was increasing mainly in the transport of primary products. Most of this Australian export was delivered to Asia and Southeast Asia. This meant that marine species from this region were unloaded into Australian waters.

New laws were introduced in 2001 to ban the emptying of Asian ballast water into Australian seas. The new rules have been totally ignored. Furthermore, the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments (BWMC) directed ballast water be unloaded into holding tanks. Shipping is not complying.
Environment by Ty Buchanan
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
            Australian Blog   Adventure Australia

An Efficient Hydrogen-Hybride Bike (Hy-Cycle) Developed

If you want to clean up the environment get a bike. Not just any bike though: you need a Hy-Cycle with pedal power assisted by hydrogen. A team of developers at the School of Chemical Engineering led by Associate Professor Kondo-Francois Aguey-Zinsou has put a lot of work into the new bicycle.

The main problems in the past has been storage and cost. Hydrogen is now safely stored in hybride, a stable metal. This "compound" is then secured in a canister. Hydrogen is fed into a fuel cells that charges a lithium battery. The battery range is 125 kilometers at a cost of $2.00. This distance is sufficient for a day's use on one charge.

Major cities across the world have already established bicycle pools where people can collect a bicycle, ride it to their destination and leave it at the nearest bike station. It would not be difficult to hire out the new powered Hy-Cycles at a small fee alongside ordinary bicycles.

Improvements are already on the way. The current storage system holds 100 liters of hydrogen in one kilogram of hybride. A similar amount of hydrogen can be stored in 50 grams of borohybrides. A new technique nearly perfected. It seems the barrier is not investment or capability it is human culture itself.
Technology by Ty Buchanan
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     Australian Blog                         

Carbon Sinks in Australia Reduce Carbon

As carbon pollution continues what will happen to the Australian climate? We have just had the warmest May on record and are heading for the mildest winter ever. This will probably mean a stinking hot summer. Heat is rising while places like the United States are getting extremely cold conditions. This is mainly due to a permanent change in the Gulf Stream.

Because Australia is large open savannah, it does store carbon, but storage is only short term. It will be released again further down the track. Ironically, plants are absorbing more anthropogenic CO2 (man-made) than ever before. It seems the higher level of carbon is making flora work harder.

Forget pollution from cars it is maintenance of the Amazon Rain Forest that is important. As more land is cleared to make money residual carbon in the atmosphere will rise.

A change "is" taking place. Arid areas like Australia are getting greener. Warmer conditions seem to increase rain and plant growth. This is mostly in the tropical northern regions - the top half of the country. When El Niño returns this could all change. El Niño = hot and dry.
Funny Animal Photos by Ty Buchanan
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     Australian Blog                         

Fracking and Conservation Do Not Mix

There is always conflict between industry and the natural ecosystem. With the arrival of extraction and even mass agriculture comes pollution detrimental to the flora and fauna. This is no different in Aboriginal regions as in urbanized cities.

Dean Mathews is a Yawuru Aboriginal and Project Officer for the Nyamba Buru Yawuru Aboriginal Corporation. He monitors the impact on groundwater by agriculture and mining. He has made a video. It is significant that the location he tested did not have any visible industry there, so it would be expected that the water was still pure. Test the water adjacent to mining activity and the results would be quite different.

Much has been made of Aboriginal cooperation with industry - too much for my liking. One has the feeling that local Aboriginal have been duped. The mining industry employs people whose sole motivation is to change public opinion to accept the "job-creating" mining companies. The problem is of course that few Aboriginal are qualified to get these jobs.

In my opinion this is just a public relations exercise. As modern agriculture and mining becomes widespread pollution will occur. The states have allowed fracking for natural gas to take place anywhere. The effects of this is disastrous with farmers showing that gas which seeps up after fracking can be ignited with a lighter.

Aboriginals should try as best they can to have their native regions isolated completely from industry. They got the vote and ownership of their land. Now, they have to go one step further and fight for the right to keep minerals where they belong: in the ground.
Conservation by Ty Buchanan
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     Australian Blog                         

Supermarket Bags Pollute the Ocean

Whether you use an "environmentally friendly" shopping bag or a standard one you are damaging the environment. They both take time to break down. Furthermore, the so called "safe" bags cause pollution during manufacture.

Australia's oceanic waters carry countless pieces of plastic bags, Marine creatures eat this debris and die. When plastic breaks down in sea water it becomes very tiny and is virtually invisible. These pieces gather up pollutants and become mobile destructors. The tinier the particles the more absorbent it becomes.

Researchers scooped up surface water from the ocean in coastal water all the way from Perth to Fiji and New Zealand. By observing the area of the net covered in plastic fragments they were able to codify amounts across a vast area. The average number of microplastic fragments was 4,000 per square kilometers. It went as high as 23,000 in some places. This was near highly populated cities.

Most of the items people use are made of plastic. Supermarket bags are the most prominent, followed by drink bottles. Plastic cups and discarded packaging.

Ocean currents also move the plastic into low populated sectors of the ocean. They build up "floating dustbin" regions that become permanent. Marine life is seriously affected. This will ultimately become a major problem for Mankind just as serious as climate change
Conservation by Ty Buchanan
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
     Australian Blog                         

Individual Action to Change the Environment is Dangerous

There is danger looming. Some scientists believe that they have the answer to global warming by putting chemicals and minerals into the environment. There are no laws to prevent them taking action themselves and doing what they want. Apart from maritime laws that deal with political international matters few effective laws between countries exist.

A questionable activity is taking place. Iron is being dumped into oceans. This "ocean fertilization" absorbs carbon dioxide. Boosted fish stocks are promised. This of course is all theory. It is not proven fact.

The London Protocol is the section of international law that could end this activity. Countries could still legislate and do "scientific" dumping. Japan does this to kill whales to provide meat for human consumption. Australia is pushing for new London Protocol laws to prevent geoengineering of all kinds, because individual action is dangerous and could affect everyone in the future.

Critics say iron dumping will lead to an increase in toxic algae blooms. Furthermore, it will make the present acidification of the ocean worse. Any human action has side effects. Individual action is very dangerous as consequences are largely unknown. Once the environment is changed it is altered forever.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Australian Blog                         

The Polluted Environment

As human beings take more medications, so the environment becomes saturated with drugs. Sewerage treatment works are having a difficult problem removing them and providing usable water.

Even low levels of these dangerous chemicals can damage fish, for example. When exposed to anti-stress drugs they get hungry like drug addicts and eat until they are blotted.

Very small microbes that keep the environment running effectively no longer do their work on slime to create food for fish. Chemicals such as shampoo, washing powder, disinfectants, caffeine, antihistamines and antibiotics upset the ecosystem. They slow production of algae a base food source.

Basically, waterways are being sterilized. It is difficult to ascertain the impact of each drug because there are a number of pollutants present at any one time. Pesticides and fertilizers are mixed in with drugs.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Australian Blog                        

Lead Remains High in the Blood of Children

Despite changes in the supply of motor fuel, i.e., the move toward unleaded petrol, high levels of lead in the blood of children is still an issue. In the northern hemisphere there are seasonal fluctuations in levels of lead.

Though the general amount of lead present in the environment has fallen, it remains significantly high in the blood of children. Much of the lead released decades ago is still there. The polluted fine particles are swept up into the air in the warmer months of July, August and September. This is the time when children are outside playing their sports.

Money would be better spent on "fixing" the suspended lead rather than reducing content in products we use. Finding a way to "lock-in" the lead particles would end the damage to future generations of people. Once lead reaches a high level in the blood it is extremely difficult to reduce. Damage to the brain and nervous system is permanent.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Australian Blog                        

Water is the Problem not Oil

We are obsessed with the oil crisis. So much so that we fail to see other problems that face us in the near future. For example, what about fresh drinking water. If nothing is done soon, the world will be in crisis. Even countries with cold climates, in Europe, are facing a shortage of potable water because of the high population density. As people become Westernized they consume more water. They change from bathing when they can, to having showers every day.

Production oil also impacts on the availability of water. it takes 2.5 liters of water to produce every liter of oil. Even growing bio fuels puts pressure on water, with a thousand liters of water needed to make a liter of bio fuel. The modern way of life is water "heavy":

Wealthy people use 3,000 liters of water each day to live their lives. More drought in the world is putting prices of everything up. When water gets short it does so locally. Moving water from one place to another in bulk is problematical. In the short term it is possible, but in the longer term it is not. Food production will fall behind what is needed over the next two decades if nothing is done.

The oil crisis and carbon pollution are problems but a shortage of water will hurt most of all.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Australian Spotted Jellyfish Invades Spain

Though it is not unusual for alien species to invade Australia, it is unusual for animals native to Australia to become pests in other countries. The Australian spotted jellyfish, phyllorhiza punctata, is stinging bathers on Spanish beaches.

The jellyfish is not dangerous to humans, but it causes a painful sting. Though called the Australian spotted jellyfish it is also found in North Carolina and the Gulf of Mexico.

Seven beaches were closed in Spain to protect people: Cala Cerrada, La Zenia, Cala Capitan, Punta Prima, La Mosca and Playa Flamenca. There are fears that the jellyfish will arrive on British beaches this summer. Climate change, pollution and overfishing are being blamed.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Culling of Camels in Australia's Outback Is Misplaced

Where there's money to be gained someone will jump in. This is now the case for camels in Australia. Plans are being made to kill the animals in exchange for carbon credits. It is claimed that their flatulence is polluting the atmosphere.

Northwest Carbon apparently believes it owns the camels or has the sole right to cull them. The Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency first suggested taking such action. Apparently, one camel produces a ton of carbon dioxide each year. This is an exaggeration.

Culling camels has nothing to do with reducing Australia's carbon footprint. It is just a money-making exercise. Admittedly camels are feral. They were introduced into Australia in the 19th century because they were ideal for moving goods about in the dry outback. But their metabolism is higher than cattle and their pollution level is low.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Plastic Resin Pellets Pollute Western Australian Beaches

Western Australian beaches are in the throws of an ecological disaster. Tiny pellets of plastic resin are in the environment which absorb industrial chemicals particularly pesticides. The pellets are a bi-product of plastic drink bottle manufacturing.

There is real danger that Bisphenol A will create estrogen leading to infertility. Bisphenol A was first found in plastic in the 1950s. Such plastic is now found everywhere. It is not known how or even if marine animals consume the plastic. Other chemicals, many estrogenic, are put into bottle plastic for flexibility, color and other properties. The chemicals are not fully absorbed in the plastic, so they migrate to the surface and escape. It was established several years ago that PCBs, DDT and HCH chemicals. all hormone disruptors. were in plastic resin pellets.

Australia is playing a "waiting game", watching to see what other countries do in regard to these pellets. Many people are not worrying because the pellets blend into the sand being small and a similar color. Stopping production in Australia will not do any good: many pellets drift here from other countries.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .