Cheese belonging to Mayor of Memphis the ancient capital of Egypt has been found in his tomb. It could have been made with cow, goat or sheep milk. Anyone eating the dairy product would have become ill as it had the bacterium Brucella mlitensis which causes brucellosis. Being found in an Egyptian tomb going back 3,200 years it is the oldest cheese in the world. Contaminated.
However, hidden secret killer bacteria. cheese buried alongside Ptahmes Mayor ancient Egyptian capital Memphis whose resting place rediscovered 2010 lost desert sand. cheese (pictured) contaminated Brucella melitensis, bacterium causes brucellosis, common cows.
WHAT IS THE KILLER VIRUS BRUCELLOSIS? Brucellosis infectious disease caused bacteria. cheese (pictured) contaminated Brucella melitensis, bacterium causes brucellosis, common cows.
People disease contact infected animals animal products contaminated bacteria. Animals commonly infected include sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, dogs, others.
Brucellosis symptoms include fever, joint pain fatigue. Treatment takes several weeks months, however, relapses common.
While brucellosis uncommon United States, disease affects hundreds thousands people animals worldwide. One jar contained solidified whitish mass, canvas fabric might covered jar used preserve contents.
dissolving sample, researchers purified protein constituents analyzed liquid chromatography mass spectrometry. peptides detected techniques show sample dairy product made cow milk sheep goat milk.
characteristics canvas fabric, indicate suitable containing solid liquid, absence specific markers, support conclusion dairy product solid cheese,' researchers wrote.
Other peptides food sample suggest contaminated Brucella melitensis, bacterium causes brucellosis. This potentially deadly disease spreads animals people, typically eating unpasteurized dairy products. team's preliminary analysis confirmed, sample would represent earliest reported biomolecular evidence disease.
Dr Enrico Greco, chemical scientist Catania University Italy, said: ' material analysed study probably ancient archeological solid residue cheese ever found date.
tomb Ptahmes, mayor Memphis Egypt 3th century BC, initially unearthed 885. lost drifting sands, rediscovered 2010, archeologists found broken jars site years later (pictured). constituting material dairy product obtained mixing sheep goat cow milk.'
Dr Greco said: ' interactions thousands years strong alkaline environment incorporating soil rich sodium carbonate desertic conditions prevent identification specific peptide markers showed stability stressing conditions.'
tomb Ptahmes, mayor Memphis Egypt 3th century BC, initially unearthed 885. lost drifting sands, rediscovered 2010, archeologists found broken jars site years later (pictured). tomb south Cairo originally found 885. Foreign expeditions made various bits pieces ended museums world.
quickly forgotten covered drifting sands excavations backed Egyptian government began 2005. Ptahmes served army chief, overseer treasury royal scribe Seti son successor, Ramses II, 3th century BC.
Dr Greco said: ' tomb Ptahmes, mayor Memphis high-ranking official Pharaohs Sethi Ramses I (1290–1213 B.C.) XIX dynasty rediscovered 2010 part revealed 885 lost sands 9th century. sample study discovered excavation procedures Cairo University season 2013–2014.
tomb south Cairo originally found 885. Foreign expeditions made various bits pieces ended museums world. While cleaning sand southern outer wall tomb, area corresponding lateral storehouses, number broken jars found.
tomb south Cairo originally found 885. Foreign expeditions made various bits pieces ended museums world. One contained solidified whitish mass, canvas fabric might covered used preservation found fragments jar.
characteristic canvas made unsuitable containing liquid or, general, non solid-materials. sample accurately collected order avoid kind contamination.
added: ' conclusion, ancient kefir milk dairy residues, coming North African, Chinese European excavations found analysed, present sample represent oldest solid cheese far discovered.' ~
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