Showing posts with label fauna. Show all posts
Showing posts with label fauna. Show all posts

Twenty Three New Spiders Are Discovered in Australia

The new 8-legged creatures are in the Dendrolycosa, Ornodolomedes, Dolomedes, Mangromedes and Megadolomedes genera. They are anthropods of the water. New types in the Ornodolmedes classification are the most delightful of all. They are striking examples having bright colours. twenty can three big new has spiders down discovered ah australia up twenty will three great new mus spiders up discovered uh australia to twenty more three be new far, water, spiders in discovered ho australia at twenty should three for new to, water, spiders on discovered uh australia or ~
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Mick Fanning spider

Evolution of Homo Sapiens Resulted in Odd Niche Adaptations

Lost handwriting skills

Mankind has changed to adapt to new niches, not only with climate change but by people moving into new regions. It seems that specialist features and abilities are required to survive. However, this is not always the case. The narrow nasal structure of Caucasians is not absolutely necessary. Those of African descent live in northern Eurasia and North America. --
ones behaviour hunters innovation metascience dynamic learnability inherited intergenerational longevity demography paleo organisms cooperating specialize evolutionarily dna ecosystem community race isomorphic coevolutionary pool languages linguists psycholinguistic conformity pharmacopeia warfare neurobiological dualism mechanistic vitalism essentialism biochemistry ancestor common dominant gene–culture exaptation macromutations psychology theories culture paternal proliferation microbiology arboreality immunology hypersociality medicinal anatomy orthogenetic extinct progenitors multigeneration fertility unlinked biparental adulthood anthropogenic pigmentation colonization inuit pale disease taxonomy lifetimes -- 0 scholar cognitive human natural selection biology evolved species brain complex genes 0 ! scholar google language cognitive human theory humans intelligence science abstract press york sciences social openurl natural selection reasoning cooperation biology modern sci species pnas proc natl acad articles ability sociality cambridge brain complex evolutionary pinker mind crossref evolved psychology cognition pubmed know-how words space force gene usa traits wallace intuitive mechanisms physics behavior environment physical univ cultural search mental information communication knowledge free article mit news advantages part applied extended genes tools metaphorical history coevolution concepts variation adaptation learning speech metaphor thought eds features animals combination man long number individuals development grammar tooby similar people structures full text message email faq organisms survival burrow large turn evolve psychological matter suggest motion current abstraction e.g relationships source linguistic life rules shared scientific forced change ideas concrete culture light nature origins defenses latest sustainability animal grammatical theories forces faculties organism local objects generations childhoods main engage based authors feedback altruism cultures hominid living reciprocity position learn systems subject population process emergence design skills steven share submit emotions metaphors basic multiple major structure national academy menu editorial journal plants environmental purpose including explain explained substances power zoologically unusual weapons origin armadillo portals smoke vine lives biological good sentence benefit open unique find combinatorial complexity body support signs pressures fish group requires actions chemistry put creationism shows anthropology selected resources moral lineage possession user domains disorders fact sharing tool kind size causation related hominids role neuroscience memory organizations children authority high models indirect site institutions evidence domain jackendoff cosmides rev conceptual control colloquium gentner construction image study alerts featured topic scope special mathematics claimed lifestyle poisons ecosystem hypotheses coordinated generate wallace's deployed birth rates kinds reproduction individual exotic exercise trade range messages law hunting cooperative places habitats submission hypothesis cooperate ground knot exploit physiology greater entered extract hands exists result procedures recommend childhood permissions customs subscribe podcasts devore abilities archive classics front reviewers express groups darwin hyperdeveloped goods favors sentences ancestors exploited opportunities demands technology explanation relationship constructed causal skill include kin specific examples defined distinct philosophy additional adaptive extreme times cost food meanings yanomamö material larger parental sexuality environments idea comprise reciprocal highly apply genetics inferences bites application inference speaker syntactic sexual predicts effects enhanced single attempt forms key commodity content version cooking identified contemporary reflect extension family constructions rose object spatial universities goal review developmental mutated lisa michael methods supplement 8993-8999 pnas.0914630107 polite sense chimpanzees drive populations adapted reminding neural disorder parallel analogies interest person psychol oxford nowak contributions paper lee viking health core magnitude basis books genet architecture condition focus sign attractiveness ecological courtesy citation close board staff rights contact club subscription subscriptions access librarian log cart colloquia collected highlights policies keyword advanced codiscoverer alfred russel fully attention bicentennial reason plant degree ecology savage possesses fixed superior traps game world's puzzle paths beliefs desires complicated aspects speed stealth defend offenses arms processes account drugs raised governed foraging mating diets division develop feats apparent statistical prehistoric benefits phrases symbols intelligent gathering ancestral dog geometry foods multiplies combinations ecosystems unlimited parlayed reward genius internal prosper fruit mutation possibility entries entry negotiation form selecting limited serve feet vast suite slowly dig availability practical ears nutrients acquired learned dug entrance hole genome produce technological spot nonkin teleology sophisticated men depended political facilitated give advantage one's open-ended people's commonplace armor ape depend terms opportunity dependence tested confers diet offspring female growth question phenomena supported variables costs invent originally meat system prehensile outwit place department loyalty apes contract carnivory essence engineering productive altered depends require darwin's possessed impel testable prepositions estimate pair bipedality sources impossible generalized acquiring wrote need techniques profound convey spiritualism means proposed discovery consequence increase organs essences simply immaterial concentrated respect hierarchical organism's causing factor elements answer coin sequence kinship applications transmission shift call distribution structured approximate extinction computer invokes discoveries explains shown discovered phonological data agency paradox profit carried capacity years affect socially agricultural connect trait humans’ meaning context semantic info pdf concept listener impairment personality functional organ collection similarly amounts apparatus agreements units modeling auditory mode lead chagnon multiply decisions chemical universal case lifespans skin life-history obvious live capable inherent kaplan longer corporations governments folk confer readily capture owner coevolved conveys scenarios consists extraordinary state children's exchange required memorized care spontaneous listen affective historical notions move remind cutting futile line particulars set impetus participate realm extend declines co-opted analogical owned record variable logical thinking sam properties footprints parasite detect assembled symbolic treat puzzling foxp2 section suggests naturally successful reassign unprecedented ways aspm mindset selective designed evaluating lakoff talmy mail show contribute conservation recall endeavors specificity strategic eden feature norton harcourt brace experience universals conflict carey small-scale societies work american devices fiske spelke princeton sackler conclusion miller vargha-khadem hum behav nas footnotes references web boyd creating chicago acquisition ortony 2nd trends smart advances determinant goldin-meadow interface rogers john scopus making request oases proceedings doi wearable mendeley qnas infection pixabay pest issue address separate send page endnote manager tagged cookies! + tie evolution say homo he sapiens let resulted gov by sub odd of niche on adaptations up + $ aye evolution stay homo was sapiens hi resulted not by zap odd pad niche at adaptations me $ % of evolution run homo hi sapiens ho resulted ha by in odd on niche or adaptations an % ~ do evolution play homo yet sapiens to resulted as by so odd do niche up adaptations at ~ = cookies tagged manager endnote page send separate address issue pest pixabay infection qnas mendeley wearable doi proceedings oases request making scopus john rogers interface goldin-meadow determinant advances smart trends 2nd ortony acquisition chicago creating boyd web references footnotes nas behav hum vargha-khadem miller conclusion sackler princeton spelke fiske devices american work societies small-scale carey conflict universals experience brace harcourt norton feature eden strategic specificity endeavors recall conservation contribute show mail talmy lakoff evaluating designed selective mindset aspm ways unprecedented reassign successful naturally suggests section foxp2 puzzling treat symbolic assembled detect parasite footprints properties sam thinking logical variable record owned analogical co-opted declines extend realm participate impetus set particulars line futile cutting remind move notions historical affective listen spontaneous care memorized required exchange children's state extraordinary consists scenarios conveys coevolved owner capture readily confer folk governments corporations longer kaplan inherent capable live obvious life-history skin lifespans case universal chemical decisions multiply chagnon lead mode auditory modeling units agreements apparatus amounts similarly collection organ functional personality impairment listener concept pdf info semantic context meaning humans’ trait connect agricultural socially affect years capacity carried profit paradox agency data phonological discovered shown explains discoveries invokes computer extinction approximate structured distribution call shift transmission applications kinship sequence coin answer elements factor causing organism's hierarchical respect concentrated immaterial simply essences organs increase consequence discovery proposed means spiritualism convey profound techniques need wrote acquiring generalized impossible sources bipedality pair estimate prepositions testable impel possessed darwin's require depends altered productive engineering essence carnivory contract apes loyalty department place outwit prehensile system meat originally invent costs variables supported phenomena question run growth female offspring diet confers tested dependence opportunity terms depend ape armor commonplace people's open-ended one's advantage give facilitated political depended men sophisticated teleology nonkin spot technological produce genome hole entrance dug learned acquired nutrients ears practical availability dig slowly suite vast feet serve limited selecting form negotiation entry entries possibility mutation fruit prosper internal genius reward parlayed unlimited ecosystems combinations multiplies foods geometry dog ancestral gathering intelligent symbols phrases benefits prehistoric statistical apparent feats develop division diets mating foraging governed raised drugs account processes arms offenses defend stealth speed aspects complicated desires beliefs paths puzzle world's game traps superior fixed possesses savage ecology degree plant reason bicentennial attention fully russel alfred codiscoverer advanced keyword policies highlights collected colloquia home cart log librarian access subscriptions subscription club contact rights staff board close citation courtesy ecological attractiveness sign focus condition architecture genet books basis magnitude core health viking lee research paper contributions nowak oxford psychol person interest analogies parallel disorder neural reminding adapted populations drive chimpanzees sense polite pnas.0914630107 8993-8999 supplement methods michael lisa mutated developmental review goal universities spatial object rose constructions family extension reflect contemporary identified cooking version content commodity key forms attempt single enhanced effects predicts sexual syntactic speaker inference application bites inferences genetics apply highly reciprocal government comprise idea environments sexuality parental larger material yanomamö meanings food cost times extreme adaptive additional philosophy distinct defined examples specific kin include skill causal constructed relationship explanation technology demands opportunities exploited ancestors sentences favors goods hyperdeveloped darwin groups express reviewers front classics archive abilities devore podcasts subscribe customs permissions childhood recommend procedures result exists hands extract entered greater physiology exploit knot ground cooperate hypothesis submission habitats places cooperative hunting law messages range trade exercise exotic individual reproduction kinds rates birth deployed wallace's generate coordinated hypotheses ecosystem poisons lifestyle claimed mathematics special scope topic featured alerts study image construction gentner colloquium control conceptual rev cosmides jackendoff domain evidence institutions site indirect models high authority children organizations memory neuroscience role hominids related causation size kind tool sharing fact disorders domains user possession lineage moral resources selected anthropology shows creationism put chemistry actions requires group fish pressures signs support body complexity combinatorial find unique open benefit sentence good biological lives vine smoke portals armadillo origin weapons unusual zoologically power substances explained explain including purpose environmental plants journal editorial menu academy national structure major multiple basic metaphors emotions submit share steven skills design emergence process population subject systems learn position reciprocity living hominid cultures altruism feedback authors based engage main childhoods generations objects local organism faculties forces theories grammatical animal sustainability latest defenses origins nature light culture concrete ideas change forced scientific shared rules life linguistic source relationships e.g abstraction current motion suggest investment matter psychological evolve turn large burrow survival organisms faq email message text full structures people similar tooby grammar development individuals number long man combination animals author features eds thought metaphor speech learning adaptation variation concepts coevolution history metaphorical tools genes extended applied part advantages news mit article free knowledge communication information mental search cultural univ physical time environment behavior physics mechanisms intuitive wallace traits usa gene force space words know-how pubmed cognition psychology evolved crossref mind pinker evolutionary complex brain cambridge sociality ability articles acad natl proc pnas species sci modern biology cooperation reasoning natural openurl social sciences york press abstract science selection intelligence humans theory human cognitive language google scholar = || developmental, evolving, flora, ecosystem, trees, plants, fauna, skeleton, fossil, 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African and European evolutionary traits
Millions of years ago kangaroos were much different than they are today. The sthenurine kangaroo once dominated Australia. It became extinct only 30,000 years ago when the maga fauna era ended. They were two meters tall, much too large to hop. It is surmised that they walked like humans.

Their face was flat and they looked like a rabbit with a large tail. They were a side branch of the kangaroo family. The main line continued to become modern kangaroos. Procoptodon golliah grew to three meters tall and weighed about 240kg.

Scientists had assumed that they hopped like modern kangaroos. The most obvious conclusion is usually the best, but in this case it was wrong. Their bone structure points to them walking. Having a large tail was a bonus: it improved balance.

The mega fauna period has been painted as a time of happy giants. For humans it would have been frightening. These oversized creatures would have been difficult to hunt. Indeed, humans probably had a policy of keeping their distance. Just because most did not eat meat does not mean they weren't dangerous.
 Funny Animal Pictures by Ty Buchanan 
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     Australian Blog                         

Fracking and Conservation Do Not Mix

There is always conflict between industry and the natural ecosystem. With the arrival of extraction and even mass agriculture comes pollution detrimental to the flora and fauna. This is no different in Aboriginal regions as in urbanized cities.

Dean Mathews is a Yawuru Aboriginal and Project Officer for the Nyamba Buru Yawuru Aboriginal Corporation. He monitors the impact on groundwater by agriculture and mining. He has made a video. It is significant that the location he tested did not have any visible industry there, so it would be expected that the water was still pure. Test the water adjacent to mining activity and the results would be quite different.

Much has been made of Aboriginal cooperation with industry - too much for my liking. One has the feeling that local Aboriginal have been duped. The mining industry employs people whose sole motivation is to change public opinion to accept the "job-creating" mining companies. The problem is of course that few Aboriginal are qualified to get these jobs.

In my opinion this is just a public relations exercise. As modern agriculture and mining becomes widespread pollution will occur. The states have allowed fracking for natural gas to take place anywhere. The effects of this is disastrous with farmers showing that gas which seeps up after fracking can be ignited with a lighter.

Aboriginals should try as best they can to have their native regions isolated completely from industry. They got the vote and ownership of their land. Now, they have to go one step further and fight for the right to keep minerals where they belong: in the ground.
Conservation by Ty Buchanan
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     Australian Blog                         

Bushmeat Trade Is Depleting Natural Forest

Bushmeat is not just a problem in Africa. Asian countries have the same problem, as the demand for meat from wild animals increases. Taking animals from tropical forest changes the whole ecosystem. It is common sense really. As the number of creatures feeding on vegetation and other animals decline there is an abundance of vegetation growth and remaining fauna.  More growth kills off food for these animals.

While some plants increase, others decline.  Even the amount of vegetation not consumed can fall.  Uneaten vegetation crowds out growth for all, so saplings do not grow tall. Plants need animals to disperse seeds. Consequently, the variety of plants falls.

Just two decades ago the Lambir Hills National Park in Sarawak was pristine. There was an abundance of animals and trees. Now all the large animals have been killed off by hunters after a profit.

Once such dramatic change occurs there is no way back. The large animals will not breed back to original numbers. The damage also impacts on remaining animals who find their usual food source is no longer plentiful.
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Australian Blog                        

Agriculture Disrupts the Ecosystem

Human impact on native flora and fauna is real. There seems to be no way the detrimental affects can be ameliorated. Aboriginals have been in Australia for 40,000 years. apart from the unanswered question about extinction of mega fauna Aboriginals did not alter the external environment at all.

Sedentary agriculture is the major contributing factor to habitat damage. Planting mono-crops seriously changes land features. In Western Australia, for example, water points are located at 50 sq km on average. In its pre-European natural state water holes could be found 2.5 sq km apart. This is serious change with species of native birds declining.

Unless we set areas aside as pristine, protected sectors only introduced pest species will remain. Even without the pest birds, the proportion of native birds is altered. Some die out while others increase in number. The ecosystem is no longer in balance.
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Australian Blog