Showing posts with label earth. Show all posts
Showing posts with label earth. Show all posts

New Rice Crop to Save the World

The world needs another green revolution. New high-yielding crops in the 1950s and 1960s changed everything. They took Mankin out of the diminishing-food crisis. The new cereals and rice impacting greatly on developing countries. Output increased. The food crisis was averted.

the future rice lynne malcolm click overview article year myself classroom classroom difference course rice school university town los banos island luzon philippines world's great centres agricultural science international rice research institute contribution green revolution 30 years ago irri international scientists address world's biggest basic scientific challenges feed hungry rice production training course designed teach basics anyone farmers chemical salesmen day detailed test aspect rice plant sobering process extent didn't rice strike talking range irri scientists rice world's vital food crop grain accounts 80 total calories consumed 2.7 billion asians world's population world's rapid population growth click speaker hear ken fischer irri researcher global importance rice download audio revolution moment cutting edge science revolutionise capacity produce rice work place irri los banos institute 962 philippines country centre asia financed ford rockefeller foundations international research training centre increasing rice production time fear asia's population growth outstripping food production widespread famine inevitable irri agricultural history transforming rice plant painstaking process plant breeding irri developed rice plant type ir8 hailed miracle rice spark green revolution ir8 gave yield previous rice varieties grown irrigated conditions greater resistance diseases insects responsive fertilisers ir8 world rice crisis.

source problem unchecked population growth today experts world crisis food production dr gurdev khush worked irri past 30 years institute's principal plant breeder estimates 2020 world population swollen billion people billion whom rice consumers today billion people consume rice world rice production increase 60 20 years 2020 population green revolution 30 years ago tillable-land available grow rice future gains rice yields top imperative harmful chemicals fertilisers pest control i'm who's controlling luckily filipino farmer irri straight narrow harrow simple steel structure comb arrangement bottom i'm concentrating hanging making bare feet caught steel spikes traditional method parts world frog leaps goodness knows i'm treading mud luckily today cloudy hot can't imagine searing philippines heat i've experienced i've super rice irri currently working plant type address shortfalls prized ir8 variety optimistically super rice irri started work highly productive rice five six years ago parents sources germplasm build plant architecture stronger stems tillers seeds each rice flower inflorescence ir8 plant plant's weight grain straw whereas super rice plant 60 grain 40 straw energy grain production increasing yield potential 20 super rice vigorous root system irri scientists working resistance disease insects developing rice plant world starvation smooth sailing scientists irri encountered problems development super rice instance.

current high-yielding rice varieties produce 00 grains per panicle prototype super rice hand produced 250 300 grains per panicle plant supply carbohydrates nutrients fill grains breeders overcame problem reducing number grains 200 super rice twice productive older plant types scientists improve super rice grain quality incorporating genes disease insect resistance irri finished product ready turn century cereal sex dr gurdev khush irri's master plant breeder giving simple hands-on explanation traditional plant breeding main breeding green house sexual hybridisation hybrid produced combining 50 genes parent plant 50 rice flower male female parts stigmas ovaries pair scissors snip male parts flower pollen parent plant sprinkled flower paper bag stop stray pollen fertilising emasculated flower grown water nutrients supply developing seed seed develops 25 days harvested dried germinated petri dish finally seed box irri plant breeders 2000 crosses year each cross 00 50 flowers emasculated traditional method breeding plant types technically relatively simple mixing pollen parent plants slow laborious process scientists focus designing rice plants suitable common growing conditions farmers growing rice difficult environments addressed usually poor people forced rely rainfall rice crops click speaker hear gurdev khush chief plant breeder irri global food crisis download audio biotechnology biotechnology play dr john bennett molecular biologist rice research institute works cutting edge rice plant biotechnology genetic engineering techniques plant breeding idea tailor-make specific rice plant types highly productive difficult growth environments.

dr bennett science genetic engineering particular characteristics drought resistance introduced existing plant type disrupting characteristics amount information available genes rice plant enormous genetic code rice plant written 440-million chemical bases genetic letters strung dna molecule plant's chromosomes bases letters alphabet genetic code rice plant fill phone books each 000 pages traditional genetic cross plant breeder combining equivalent telephone books genetic information father telephone books information mother hand genetic engineer introduces single gene equivalent maybe tenth page transferred straight 000 pages outcome cross specific breeder specifically insert gene something insect resistance ready-built plant disrupting rest carefully constructed genetic makeup germplasm bank order create super rice plant plant breeders irri desirable characteristics wild rice varieties wealth genetic information available rice breeders maintained irri germplasm bank dr mike jackson head irri's genetic resources centre tour germplasm bank started storage area workers sitting nimbly hand-sorting grains rice quality samples rice types nurtured generations farmers throughout asia contain wide variety genetic information construct productive rice crop looking closely grains differ shape size colour texture traits genetic basis differences easy observe mask range genetic traits adaptation particular environmental climatic conditions nutritional qualities flavour rice varieties bred released farmers stop growing traditional varieties samples rice crops preserved genetic value older varieties wild relatives genetic building blocks future rice crops irri's gene bank storage facility long term preservation rice varieties important research function mike jackson dispatches rice samples irri library research teams.

world agreement intellectual property rights seed irri studies library try better understanding existing genetic stock patterns variation seeds stored air-locked storage room kept chilly degrees celcius fans blow circulate cold air chamber relative humidity kept 40 prevent equipment icing seeds carefully dried period weeks storage special vacuum-sealed aluminium foil packet temperature storage drying process critical long-term survival seeds far cold room chamber door marked base collection restricted area' long-term seed storage area cold room mike jackson calls fort knox world rice crop 00 000 samples wild rice varieties asia africa latin america seeds touched managing pests legacies left green revolution environmental damage heavy chemical pesticides today irri developing ways reduce farmers dependence chemicals apart breeding plant types resistance insects integrated pest management program encourages farmers rationalise insecticide incidence insecticide spraying philippines example quite chemicals spray broad spectrum organophosphates officially illegal countries generally cheap available farmers irri's entymologist dr k.l heong farmer's decision spray due misperception pest farmers target spraying pests visible whose damage dramatic leaf feeding insects example alarm farmers visibly affect leaves plants insects huge impact crop generally recovers leaf damage pests usually infest rice plant lay eggs develop larvae adults generally away crop breeding cycle insecticides larval stages pest disappear result dr k.l heong's work insect behaviour rice crops irri recommends farmers spray forty days early growth stages plant necessary convince farmers change ways cost insecticides truly believe crop yield improve spray dr heong team conducted experiment involving 000 farmers.

vietnam farmers test themselves simple rule spraying early stages rice crop participating farmers sprayed portion land 40 days usual left portion insecticide season yields areas results dramatic farmers differences yield concluded spraying unnecessary early growth stages fact group farmers halved overall insecticide project stimulated vietnamese government fund provincial governments same approach farming poisons result irri's insecticide trials surprise filipino rice farmer mr sesinando masajo hasn't insecticides 972 pleasure visiting farm victoria laguna island luzon sat bamboo room stilts overlooking green rice fields roosters ducks washing tubs wife's vibrant tropical orchid nursery mr masajo's son served tea boiled bananas proudly showed visitor's book included signatures reps chemical companies 972 mr masajo involved commercial rice growing corporate farms insecticide three four five times season crop observed insects multiplied time season insects various stages making impossible control chemicals decided insecticides destroy natural predator balance rice field single application insecticide pushes rice farmer towards disaster mr masajo convinced crop yield 28 hectare farm enhanced insecticide policy.

highest yield farm 5.2 metric tonnes per hectare 993 recovered 9.6 metric tonnes per hectare grain same fields three times national average philippines what's amazing fact mr masajo's infectious enthusiasm chemical fields spread throughout neighbourhood something extremely proud 550 farmers municipality victoria 995 stopped insecticides crops according mr masajo believe yields crop quality better click speaker hear mr masajo benefits insecticide-free farming download audio conclusion away los banos insight simple grain rice doubt huge increase rice production sixties due introduction modern rice varieties fertilisers irrigation revolutionised world's food availability world rice feed 00 million extra people year agricultural research centres irri facing world's greatest basic scientific challenges cutting edge science tackle challenge account adverse effects intensive rice cultivation natural resources environment rice edition radio accompanied brad corporation broadcast story.htm purchased riceweb rice slab irri csiro's science program http lynne's june show lynne riceworld science 20th australian written collis rice © abc ecos course tapes radio experiences october-december malcolm freelance broadcasting copy homepage photojournalist magazine irri 998
Rice famers

Zealandia is the New Continent

Continent of Zealandia near Australia..
There is something new in science, despite claims that everything is known.  New Zealand, like Australia (Australinea), is a continent - a very small one at that.  The scientific powers that be have to verify that it is the seventh continent. australia zealandia
Professor Bruce Luyendyk of australia named it Zealandia in 1995. Then, many claimed that it had only three of the necessary attributes. Satellite images show that the plate is unfragmented. With all four requirements identified, it is now accepted as a valid continent. The decision will be yes. Zealandia was part of Australia 85 million years ago. The land mass contains valuable minerals. Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia will have to work out who controls specific areas. New Caledonia is a French overseas territory, so France will be involved. australia zealandia zealand continental million earth australia continents crust atlas zealandia stories continent people zealand today continental gallery million newest earth earth australia science continents size crust larger atlas zealandia landmass stories continent home people zealand horrifying today continental zealandia amazing gallery million continent understanding newest earth zealand reveal earth australia continental zealandia latest science continents million continent researchers size crust earth zealand field larger atlas continental magnetic landmass stories continents zealandia core home people crust continent heat horrifying today zealand planets amazing gallery ranking understanding newest habitability reveal earth slightly latest science land researchers size field larger microcontinents magnetic landmass fact core underwater heat gondwana planets antarctica ranking percent habitability idea slightly thickness land oceanic geologically microcontinents submerged fact credit underwater scientists gondwana eighth antarctica continent percent idea thickness oceanic geologically submerged credit scientists eighth continent.
Zealandia the new continent
Professor Bruce Luyendyk named it Zealandia in 1995.  Then, many claimed that it had only three of the necessary attributes.  Satellite images show that the plate is unfragmented.  With all four requirements identified, it is now accepted as a valid continent.  The decision will be yes.

Zealandia was part of Australia 85 million years ago.  The land mass contains valuable minerals.  Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia will have to work out who controls specific areas.  New Caledonia is a French overseas territory, so France will be involved.
◆ Geology 
Tys Outback
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Anthropologists Were Wrong: Races Do Not Exist

    ▶ The idea that peoples can be placed in groups where everyone is alike is incorrect anthropologists fuller party clear did parliament parliamentary referendum title tack anthropologists as races publication mp3 draw general brazenness john not household gravy high supreme anthropologists on it exist food parties personal official constitutional election statement across anthropologists go races at exist highlights does sudden was common it richard everyone support approval supremacy anthropologists if races in exist court particular train confident legal stronger sheer am inevitably edition anthropologists at races to elite top power attenborough vote breathtaking sovereignty may option battle anthropologists of on remainers excellent process propriety niceties formal somersault policy brown phone courts service monitors campaign ultimate telegraph american continent | news stories |◀ |
Anthropologist Johann Friedrich Blumenback promulated a concept that changed the way members of societies thought about the structure of Mankind for generations. Unfortunately, the belief was absolutely wrong. There are no races. Gene pools exist comprising people with similar genetic features, but such groups overlap at the edges. | ▶ not stories news. |◀ |
Much suffering has been caused by imperial governments applying the theory across the world. It was the substantive driving force in colonialism. Slavery was condoned because of the premise. Even genocide was be carried out because of it. The level of intelligence is about the same for all humanity. Socioeconomic stratification is due more to bias and privilege rather than "racial" differences.  | ▶ | australian| ▶ |    

Even today, however, writers still divide humans into races in prose. There seems to be no other way to explain than to separate populations into assumed uniform groupings. This is why it persists. Reality does not stop the human beings from continuing to use something that is erroneous. | ▶ | not. | ▶        | ▶ | not | ◀ |
◆ Anthropology 
Tys Outback
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Seasons and Ocean Distorts Australian Continent

The continent of Australia distorted by the seasons
continents are not static. They are pliable and change shape. In Australia it is called the continental wiggle. Ocean water moves in line with the seasons. It causes measurable deformation.
   continental earth seasons summer continent
Australian continent changes shape

The Earth is not a perfect sphere. It is lopsided. This disrupts the flow of the ocean. From April on, Australia is "pushed" to the east. This changes in October when it is pushed to the west and a bit to the north.
    shape continent seasons earth winter summer
Australia's measurement is determined by two satellites. It may be only millimeters but the Australian continent is moving. During the northern hemisphere winter, build up of snow and ice makes the Earth "top-heavy", which creates changes in the ocean.
  seasons distorted summer winter
The planet's center of mass moves to the South Pacific when the ice melts. Australia is in the middle of this see-saw effect, so it impacts more here than any other land mass.
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ocean shape pushed continental moves mass global weather storms movement planetary distorts

Cosmological Effects on Earth's Evolution

Evolution speeds up with cosmic activity.
Most people assume that we are isolated here on this tiny planet called Earth. However, throughout the ages life has been impacted by what goes on out there in the cosmos. Humans would not be dominant in the world today - considering we got down to less than a hundred souls when the climate suddenly took a new direction.
Arrow piercing a supernova
An arrow piercing a supernova?
When astrophysical phenomena such as black holes send out x-ray flares it affects earthly evolution. It has estimated by computer modelling that two supernovas occurring close together increased radiation on marine life by a factor of three. This is a major change that nascent intelligent life had to adapt to.

Radiation sends out muon particles which hit the ground. More of them alters the environment. DNA mutation will speed up, so evolution becomes more rapid. This would account for the sudden disappearance of established species and takeover by new ones.

The dark clouded lightning nights portrayed in Frankenstein movies would not be far from the truth. Increased radiation would raise ionization of the atmosphere. Thus, the frequency of lightning strikes
would intensify.
Cosmology by Ty Buchanan
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Chemistry on Titan Ideal for Life

Science sees life on Saturn's moon Titan.
Looking for alien life on planets like our own is tunnel vision. Believing that life can only exist on planets in the "sweet" belt is silly. The universe is a place of commonalities, yes. However, it has many types of environments from the very cold to the extremely hot.
Saturn's moon Titan
Saturn's moon, Titan, could have microbial life even though it is indeed frigid. The body has all the chemical requirements for life creation to occur. Titan is a carbon copy of Earth, except the lakes and rivers are methane not water.

Much of new science is bringing down temperatures so that chemical reaction can be controlled, so it is nonsense to premise that there is not sufficient energy for molecular interaction to happen at -179C on Titan. The key chemical hydrogen cyanide (HCN) is present on Saturn's satellite. 

Martin Rahm of Cornell university holds that the clouds of Titan could absorb energy from the distant Sun. The energy would be sufficient for hydrogen cyanide to form polymine chains which more effectively absorb sunlight.. Once triggered life would move forward.
 Chemistry by Ty Buchanan 
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WA Meteorite Makes Things Clearer for Astronomers

Science: the latest meteorite give insight into formation of the solar system
Scientists are interested in a space rock. The meteorite crashed into the Australian outback a year ago and has unique features. It is currently in London undergoing tests and will eventually be returned to the Museum of Western Australia.
Western Australian Meteorite
The meteorite is small, only as big as a tennis ball. Because its trajectory was tracked its origin is known. This is unusual: of the 50,000 meteorites that have hit the Earth over the last 200 years  the sources of only 10 have been ascertained.

Tracking of the meteorite was carried out by Curtin University, London's Imperial College and the Ondrejov Observatory in the Czech Republic. The point of impact was only 100m from the projected point. Meteorites are the oldest rocks being 4.5 billion years old. Critical information about the formation of the solar system will be gained.
 Astronomy by Ty Buchanan 
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Life Began on Earth 4.1 Billion Years Ago

Life began on Earth earlier than thought.  There is evidence of life 3.8 billion years ago.  This is only 0.7 billion short of the total life of the planet. A new study has pushed the origins of life back another 300 million years.
microscopic carbon flecks in zirconium push life back on earth 4.1 billion years
It seems life began as soon the chaotic period of Earth's formation had settled down. Flecks of graphite were trapped in the crystal zircon.  This microscopic carbon mineral is among the zirconium, oxygen and silicon which is the main structure of the crystal.

While trapped graphite is not full evidence of life, carbon is classed as biogenetic - life needs it to begin.  It is believed that the graphite was originally organic before being absorbed by zirconium.  Apparently, Earth calmed down very quickly after formation. Estimates now puts the origin of life on Earth at 4.1 billion years.
Biology Ty Buchanan
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zirconium crystal carbon flecks biogenetic graphite 4.5 billion years origin life earth planet

NASA Announces That Life is Out There

There is something out there - so NASA says. The U.S. space body announced that life producing water exists on Mars and more information on Pluto is about to come out soon. The New Horizons spacecraft is working perfectly and data collection is continuing.
New Horizons spacecraft photographing Pluto
High resolution photographs have been taken of Pluto for some time now. They have been analyzed. Findings will interesting. It seems we are not totally alone. Life seems to be everywhere in the cosmos.

Pluto even has its own weather. The "environment" changes like here on Earth. Apparently the planet is geologically active. NASA has only downloaded 10 per cent of the data so far. Some fascinating insights will be made known on Thursday.
Science by Ty Buchanan
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science nasa announces announcement space life out there pluto earth dwarf planet

Mars Trip Sign Up is Stupid!

There is a stupid, idiotic "thing" going around the Internet at the moment. It is the selection process for the one-way journey to Mars. In my opinion this will not be allowed to go ahead. If and when a spaceship is built common sense will come to the fore and those wanting to commit suicide will be prevented from going.
Let's ignore the moral perspective for the moment and think about the ship itself. A secure, life sustaining environment inside a space vehicle for such a long journey is not yet possible. Man reaching the moon was probably just a fluke. Alas, things did go wrong. Apart from the well known ballpoint pen in the circuit-breaker hole trick by Buzz Aldrin, there were dozens of problems that mysteriously were all solved - divine intervention? Well, we will never know.

A trip to Mars will be a chain of continuous problems. For a start we do not know what the real space environment is like out there. Astronauts could die of radiation in a few months of travel. There is no solution to this. Mechanical issues with the ship are almost certain. It may not be possible to go outside to make repairs.

Lastly, how will this end? if they do safely reach Mars they could either be filmed choking to death when the oxygen runs out, or being burned alive as the craft obits inward and falls to the planet itself. The easiest option it to bite down on a pill. Some, however, will not be able to do this.
Science by Ty Buchanan
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Mass Extinction Has Begun

You may stop fearing an asteroid colliding with the Earth. Man himself could be the cause of the next mass extinction. People who harp on about climate change being a religion and an article of faith are like those who ignored Noah.
Remember that humans got down a few hundred individuals in the past. We are very lucky to be here today. Of course the world would have gone on without us: it would be a very different world. There would be no pollution anywhere.

Ebola is out of control. Antibiotics are failing. A world-wide plague could be on the cards. Danger to Man is not the only issue. Twenty five per cent of mammals could soon disappear. Forty per cent of amphibians are at risk.

Because species are already dying off, a mass extinction could have already begun. The hottest decade on record shows that life is declining. When animals die off the food supply for other creatures also goes. So the path of extinction of predator species becomes real as well.

Carbon is the major cause of extinctions. It is in most things and when pumped into the air it warms up the planet. Seemingly mundane thing also pollute. Coke is fizzy due to carbonic acid. This is getting into the oceans, changing the pH level and destroying life.
Science by Ty Buchanan
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