Showing posts with label consumption. Show all posts
Showing posts with label consumption. Show all posts

New Rice Crop to Save the World

The world needs another green revolution. New high-yielding crops in the 1950s and 1960s changed everything. They took Mankin out of the diminishing-food crisis. The new cereals and rice impacting greatly on developing countries. Output increased. The food crisis was averted.

the future rice lynne malcolm click overview article year myself classroom classroom difference course rice school university town los banos island luzon philippines world's great centres agricultural science international rice research institute contribution green revolution 30 years ago irri international scientists address world's biggest basic scientific challenges feed hungry rice production training course designed teach basics anyone farmers chemical salesmen day detailed test aspect rice plant sobering process extent didn't rice strike talking range irri scientists rice world's vital food crop grain accounts 80 total calories consumed 2.7 billion asians world's population world's rapid population growth click speaker hear ken fischer irri researcher global importance rice download audio revolution moment cutting edge science revolutionise capacity produce rice work place irri los banos institute 962 philippines country centre asia financed ford rockefeller foundations international research training centre increasing rice production time fear asia's population growth outstripping food production widespread famine inevitable irri agricultural history transforming rice plant painstaking process plant breeding irri developed rice plant type ir8 hailed miracle rice spark green revolution ir8 gave yield previous rice varieties grown irrigated conditions greater resistance diseases insects responsive fertilisers ir8 world rice crisis.

source problem unchecked population growth today experts world crisis food production dr gurdev khush worked irri past 30 years institute's principal plant breeder estimates 2020 world population swollen billion people billion whom rice consumers today billion people consume rice world rice production increase 60 20 years 2020 population green revolution 30 years ago tillable-land available grow rice future gains rice yields top imperative harmful chemicals fertilisers pest control i'm who's controlling luckily filipino farmer irri straight narrow harrow simple steel structure comb arrangement bottom i'm concentrating hanging making bare feet caught steel spikes traditional method parts world frog leaps goodness knows i'm treading mud luckily today cloudy hot can't imagine searing philippines heat i've experienced i've super rice irri currently working plant type address shortfalls prized ir8 variety optimistically super rice irri started work highly productive rice five six years ago parents sources germplasm build plant architecture stronger stems tillers seeds each rice flower inflorescence ir8 plant plant's weight grain straw whereas super rice plant 60 grain 40 straw energy grain production increasing yield potential 20 super rice vigorous root system irri scientists working resistance disease insects developing rice plant world starvation smooth sailing scientists irri encountered problems development super rice instance.

current high-yielding rice varieties produce 00 grains per panicle prototype super rice hand produced 250 300 grains per panicle plant supply carbohydrates nutrients fill grains breeders overcame problem reducing number grains 200 super rice twice productive older plant types scientists improve super rice grain quality incorporating genes disease insect resistance irri finished product ready turn century cereal sex dr gurdev khush irri's master plant breeder giving simple hands-on explanation traditional plant breeding main breeding green house sexual hybridisation hybrid produced combining 50 genes parent plant 50 rice flower male female parts stigmas ovaries pair scissors snip male parts flower pollen parent plant sprinkled flower paper bag stop stray pollen fertilising emasculated flower grown water nutrients supply developing seed seed develops 25 days harvested dried germinated petri dish finally seed box irri plant breeders 2000 crosses year each cross 00 50 flowers emasculated traditional method breeding plant types technically relatively simple mixing pollen parent plants slow laborious process scientists focus designing rice plants suitable common growing conditions farmers growing rice difficult environments addressed usually poor people forced rely rainfall rice crops click speaker hear gurdev khush chief plant breeder irri global food crisis download audio biotechnology biotechnology play dr john bennett molecular biologist rice research institute works cutting edge rice plant biotechnology genetic engineering techniques plant breeding idea tailor-make specific rice plant types highly productive difficult growth environments.

dr bennett science genetic engineering particular characteristics drought resistance introduced existing plant type disrupting characteristics amount information available genes rice plant enormous genetic code rice plant written 440-million chemical bases genetic letters strung dna molecule plant's chromosomes bases letters alphabet genetic code rice plant fill phone books each 000 pages traditional genetic cross plant breeder combining equivalent telephone books genetic information father telephone books information mother hand genetic engineer introduces single gene equivalent maybe tenth page transferred straight 000 pages outcome cross specific breeder specifically insert gene something insect resistance ready-built plant disrupting rest carefully constructed genetic makeup germplasm bank order create super rice plant plant breeders irri desirable characteristics wild rice varieties wealth genetic information available rice breeders maintained irri germplasm bank dr mike jackson head irri's genetic resources centre tour germplasm bank started storage area workers sitting nimbly hand-sorting grains rice quality samples rice types nurtured generations farmers throughout asia contain wide variety genetic information construct productive rice crop looking closely grains differ shape size colour texture traits genetic basis differences easy observe mask range genetic traits adaptation particular environmental climatic conditions nutritional qualities flavour rice varieties bred released farmers stop growing traditional varieties samples rice crops preserved genetic value older varieties wild relatives genetic building blocks future rice crops irri's gene bank storage facility long term preservation rice varieties important research function mike jackson dispatches rice samples irri library research teams.

world agreement intellectual property rights seed irri studies library try better understanding existing genetic stock patterns variation seeds stored air-locked storage room kept chilly degrees celcius fans blow circulate cold air chamber relative humidity kept 40 prevent equipment icing seeds carefully dried period weeks storage special vacuum-sealed aluminium foil packet temperature storage drying process critical long-term survival seeds far cold room chamber door marked base collection restricted area' long-term seed storage area cold room mike jackson calls fort knox world rice crop 00 000 samples wild rice varieties asia africa latin america seeds touched managing pests legacies left green revolution environmental damage heavy chemical pesticides today irri developing ways reduce farmers dependence chemicals apart breeding plant types resistance insects integrated pest management program encourages farmers rationalise insecticide incidence insecticide spraying philippines example quite chemicals spray broad spectrum organophosphates officially illegal countries generally cheap available farmers irri's entymologist dr k.l heong farmer's decision spray due misperception pest farmers target spraying pests visible whose damage dramatic leaf feeding insects example alarm farmers visibly affect leaves plants insects huge impact crop generally recovers leaf damage pests usually infest rice plant lay eggs develop larvae adults generally away crop breeding cycle insecticides larval stages pest disappear result dr k.l heong's work insect behaviour rice crops irri recommends farmers spray forty days early growth stages plant necessary convince farmers change ways cost insecticides truly believe crop yield improve spray dr heong team conducted experiment involving 000 farmers.

vietnam farmers test themselves simple rule spraying early stages rice crop participating farmers sprayed portion land 40 days usual left portion insecticide season yields areas results dramatic farmers differences yield concluded spraying unnecessary early growth stages fact group farmers halved overall insecticide project stimulated vietnamese government fund provincial governments same approach farming poisons result irri's insecticide trials surprise filipino rice farmer mr sesinando masajo hasn't insecticides 972 pleasure visiting farm victoria laguna island luzon sat bamboo room stilts overlooking green rice fields roosters ducks washing tubs wife's vibrant tropical orchid nursery mr masajo's son served tea boiled bananas proudly showed visitor's book included signatures reps chemical companies 972 mr masajo involved commercial rice growing corporate farms insecticide three four five times season crop observed insects multiplied time season insects various stages making impossible control chemicals decided insecticides destroy natural predator balance rice field single application insecticide pushes rice farmer towards disaster mr masajo convinced crop yield 28 hectare farm enhanced insecticide policy.

highest yield farm 5.2 metric tonnes per hectare 993 recovered 9.6 metric tonnes per hectare grain same fields three times national average philippines what's amazing fact mr masajo's infectious enthusiasm chemical fields spread throughout neighbourhood something extremely proud 550 farmers municipality victoria 995 stopped insecticides crops according mr masajo believe yields crop quality better click speaker hear mr masajo benefits insecticide-free farming download audio conclusion away los banos insight simple grain rice doubt huge increase rice production sixties due introduction modern rice varieties fertilisers irrigation revolutionised world's food availability world rice feed 00 million extra people year agricultural research centres irri facing world's greatest basic scientific challenges cutting edge science tackle challenge account adverse effects intensive rice cultivation natural resources environment rice edition radio accompanied brad corporation broadcast story.htm purchased riceweb rice slab irri csiro's science program http lynne's june show lynne riceworld science 20th australian written collis rice © abc ecos course tapes radio experiences october-december malcolm freelance broadcasting copy homepage photojournalist magazine irri 998
Rice famers

High Meat Consumption Blamed for Obesity - Questionable!

In the twentieth century Australia was dominant in swimming at international events. This was largely due to the high consumption of meat in the diet of Australians. As time went by other nations noticed this and their athletes ate more meat. Today, Even small island nations have access to reasonably priced beef, pork, lamb and poultry. Consequently, Australia's dominance has waned.

Despite consuming a lot of meat, Australians did not die at a young age. Indeed, longevity was extended. New research points to an increase in heart disease, obesity, cancer and diabetes that do tend to shorten life. An example was given of Hawaii where these diseases are rapidly increasing. Red meat is seen as the major cause.

This research has flaws. Higher red meat consumption cannot be directly linked to more "modern" maladies. It could be coincidence. No tests were done on the rising consumption of refined carbohydrates. The call for more vegetables in the diet will improve the situation, but only if less red meat and refined carbohydrates are consumed.

There is an indirect link between red meat consumption and more disease. The feeding of antibiotics to animals to improve body weight has impacted on humans. Antibiotics are not so effective in people generally. Some countries have banned this practice, but all nations need to do so. Overall, there is no evidence of antibiotics in animal feed leading to modern diseases. Control of infections is the biggest problem.
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Danger From HIgh Salt Intake Is Overstated

Salt will kill you. That it is the idea we are all expected to accept, but there is no real proof that this is the case. No research has indicated that a high salt diet increases blood pressure. Indeed, a century ago Africans would travel a thousand miles to get it. Salt is essential for life.

Consumption 50 percent higher than the recommended level is nothing to worry about, considering it is only a "guesstimate" anyway. High blood pressure has increased in the community despite salt intake remaining about the same per person for 40 years.

Like a tax on fast food will not stop people from buying take away, so campaigns to reduce salt intake will not make people consume less. If manufacturers of processed food take salt out of their products consumers will not buy their products. Salt definitely improves flavor.
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