Showing posts with label western. Show all posts
Showing posts with label western. Show all posts

Lake Wells in WA Source of Australia's First Potash Production

Potash production has begun in Western Australia at Lake Wells. Australian Potash with two Chinese MuO off-take partners has begun sourcing potassium-rich feeder salts in the amount of 3 tonnes. Lake Wells is 180km from Laverton. A research project with the University of Western Australia in the School of Agriculture and Environment will test the potash on various WA soil types, so Australian Potash will be able to more effectively advise Australian farmers.

first production australian potash near laverton business news search search search form search login username e-mail password remember me login request password menu subscribe advertise free daily emails subscribe renew advertise testimonials contact bn events 40under40 rising stars treasury breakfast success leadership 25th anniversary lunch event calendar event sponsorship publications special reports current issue book lists upcoming features bdo remuneration reports bniq search bniq access bniq news latest headlines public companies journalists podcasts article categories photo gallery thought leadership subscriber news amp amp amp lt img height width style display none src https www.facebook.com tr id 154373030588076 amp amp amp amp amp ev pageview amp amp amp amp amp noscript amp amp amp gt amp amp amp lt img height width style display none src https www.facebook.com tr id 3356617235664 amp amp amp amp amp ev pageview amp amp amp amp amp noscript amp amp amp gt thought leadership business advice remuneration report 25th anniversary aerial view australian potash’s lake wells project first production australian potash near laverton matt birney friday 2 december 201 1 1 facebook twitter linkedin print asx listed australian potash has delivered tonnes potassium-rich feeder salts its lake wells sulphate potash sop project its pilot processing facility located perth production sop trade samples early next quarter

the raw product sourced series evaporation ponds on-site lake wells project located 180km northeast laverton goldfields region wa sop sample verification work perth designed meetings held company’s two chinese mou off-take partners earlier month addition australian potash has developed greenhouse research project university wa’s esteemed school agriculture environment project look value company’s sop product number different wa soil types commence march quarter 201 university research program developed conjunction field trials testing effect sopmop muriate potash – potassium chloride salt – crop yields crop quality associated impact surrounding soil biology company said would recycle 2. tonnes magnesium chloride-rich waste materials evaporation trials road construction tests lake wells access routes first quarter next year australian potash managing director ceo matt shackleton said area focus … past 1 months has been develop refine site evaporation model understanding chemistry salts produced natural evaporation cycle crucial planning both commercial scale development sop processing strategies january 201 we plan produce australia’s first field evaporated sulphate potash enormous value apc mou off-take partners we able detail chemical composition sop we produce running research trial programs 201 allow us further define agronomic benefits apc’s lake wells sop engage end-user farming sector cost supply.

the company holds 100 interest large lake wells sop project completed positive scoping study venture 201 work outlined staged project development whereby australian potash would produce 150 000 tonnes premium sop annum first years then ramp 300 000 tonnes annum least another 1 years project area currently contains mineral resource estimate 14. million tonnes contained sop material reporting indicated category sop ore reserves delineated sop price aud 7 tonne project generates life mine annual operating pre-tax cashflow aud 118m pre-production capex expenditure first stage estimated aud 175m aud 163m higher-volume second stage project development ultimately company expects produce 250kg sulphate potash trade samples initial production run delivery its mou off-take partners interested parties evaluate raw product australian potash ’s dfs has now entered its final phase across abstraction evaporation processing expected released latter half 201 company recently received serious leg-up federal state governments have jointly decided fund upgrade 100km great central road east town laverton adjacent lake wells project has potential significantly improve logistics project optimising freight logistics providing option laverton hub its operations further cost savings result recent mou fellow potash player salt lake potash looking possibility jointly developing infrastructure its neighbouring lake wells project two projects contiguous both companies planning same heavy haulage road transport route lake wells region rail head leonora company has two mou’s place supply 100 000 tonnes annum sulphate potash sino-agri china’s largest agricultural company hubei-agri china’s largest agricultural companies

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Australian potash

Mystery Tanami Egg is Not of the Night Parrot

Mystery egg of the Night Parrot in Tanami Desert?
A mystery egg was found in the Tanami Desert of northern Australia 30 years ago. Many latched on to this specimen as being from the Night Parrot, thought to be extinct. DNA from the egg was compared to DNA of Night Parrot specimens in the Queensland Museum. The Brown Quail was found to be the "mother" of the Tanami egg.
Night Parrot
All hope was not lost, however. In 2013 the Night Parrot was found to be still with us. A small population was discovered living in Western Australia, far away from Queensland. Much has been leaned about the environmental requirements for the rare bird's survival.

This shows that human hope is very strong. We will attribute links to things that are very weak. The egg does have unusual characteristics: it is sand white, not like the quail egg which is pale but speckled brown. It is pointed at one end though, typical of the quail.
 Ornithology by Ty Buchanan 
night, parrot, brown, quail, mystery, egg, tanami, desert, queensland, western, australia, dna, rare, extinct

Science Shows Zircon Gems Once Covered Australia

Research in Western Australia shows super volcanoes erupted zircon gemstones.
The surface of Earth was once covered in diamonds, well a very close imposter anyway. Australian scientists have just found out that a super volcano spewed out zircon crystals all over Australia.  It is a gem stone in many more colors than diamond.
Super volcano in Australia
Samples from drilling in Western Australia showed particular crystals should have not been there. They were different from naturally occurring ones eroded from rocks. The "strangers" were 2,300km from their volcanic source.

The great distance from erupting volcanoes indicates that the volcanic explosions 106 million years ago were much larger than previously thought. Australia must have been a very violent place in the past. Many animals would have died out because of the eruptions.
 
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Fake Cat Mummy Puts Pressure on WA Museum

Anthropology: Cat mummy in Western Australian Museum a fake.
It is known that ancient Egyptians made counterfeit mummies, particularly of birds and cats who were given as offerings to the gods. In 1982 an X-ray of a cat mummy showed that it was a fake, probably made in the early 20th century. Staff of the Western Australia Museum who were custodians of the "mummy" were shocked and disappointed by the discovery.

A recent CT scan of the "mummy" highlights a human femur broken in the middle then molded to take the shape of a cat. The scan has been sent to Cairo for further study. To solve this problem once and for all a determination of its real age needs to be done. Why waste time looking and re-interpreting?  The WA Museum is still so ashamed of the issue that is has never released a photo of the fake cat mummy nor will show the X-ray or scan to the public.
Genuine fake cat mummy from Saqqara in  Egypt
Genuine fake-cat mummy from Saqqara in  Egyp
Genuine mummies are on display today at the WA Museum with the Afterlife: Magic Mummies and Immortality in Ancient Egypt exhibition brought over from the British Museum. Let us hope that tests to verify age has been done on these ancient wrappings.
 Athropology by Ty Buchanan 
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Red Reef Lobster Found in Western Australia

Biology: Red reef lobster caught in Western Australia.
It is common knowledge that lobsters do not have hair. We all know this. However, hairy lobsters do exist and one has been caught in Western Australia. The red reef lobster is common in the waters of Madagascar, Hawaii, and African countries. Finding it off WA is a real surprise.
Red reef lobster
The fisherman who caught it has never seen anything like it in his life. It seemed to be a prawn, lobster, scampi hybrid. The hairy red is much different from Australian lobsters: it has crab-like claws.

Biologists do not believe that it came all the way from Africa, at least not in recent times. They hold that it has been here all along living and breeding in a localized, remote spot. The one caught probably strayed away from its locality. Obviously, its normal range must be reasonably close. Being elusive, scientists are not going on a hunt. The creature will be left alone.
 Bioloogy by Ty Buchanan 
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THE HAIRY RED ONE
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Bayer Chemistry to Develop New Herbicides

Chemistry: Weeds are becoming resistant to selective herbicides.
Herbicides have officially been used since 1890, though common salt could have used to kill weeds for possibly a thousand years before. The first selective herbicide was identified in 1940. It later became 2,4-D compound and was released in 1946.  Seventy years later we face the problem of weed resistance to selective chemicals. Western Australia can no longer get significant kill of weeds growing around crops. It is costing farmers a fortune.
Ryegrass weed growing in crops
Project Kangaroo has been initiated. It is managed by Australia’s Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC) and receives assistance from Bayer of Germany. Money from growers is funding it: they are paying $45 million in levies. The Federal Government is promising money. Knowing how government has behaved recently the project might get a dollar!

Wild radish and ryegrass are the main culprits affecting crops. Glyphosphate was used widely to control these weeds. They are not very effective these days. Chemical companies need to take a new tack and work at the molecular, even atomic level, to find ways of killing selective weeds. Nature though is good at overcoming new things in the environment. It is only a matter of time before evolution beats "unique" obstacles set up by Man.
 Chemstry by Ty Buchanan 
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RYEGRASS WEED
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Oil Found Off Australia's North West Coast

There has always been a belief that Australia's future lies in finding a mineral that is plentiful in the north west of the country. Till now this has not been achieved. Everyone knows that Western Australia is full of iron ore so this is not what they are looking for.

Drilling for many years has just made holes in the ground. Companies have gone over ground already explored before. This is how the latest find was made. There is oil there and in vast quantities. Apache Corp. has made the announcement that was greeted with surprise by some people.

Apache was searching for gas when it made the discovery. Considering Australia's oil production has fallen to its lowest level for forty years this can only be good news.

Income to Western Australia from iron ore has declined due to a fall in Chinese demand. The price for iron ore is down by a third since January. Australia is producing far more ore than it can sell. Coal is not doing well either.

The oil found by Apache is of very high quality so a high price is expected for it when it eventually comes on line. Unfortunately, it could be some time before this happens. Normally developing a new oil field takes decades.
Economics by Ty Buchanan
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A New Mineral Called Putnisite is Found in Australia

Minerals are classified into species like animals. You would think that all minerals had been identified by scientists. This is not the case. A completely new mineral has been found in Australia at Polar Bear peninsula, Southern Lake Cowan. It is named after the two scientists who discovered it, Christine and Andrew Putnis based at the University of Münster in Germany.

Putnisite is now among the 4,000 known minerals. It was found on the surface of Lake Cowan in Western Australia. The mineral is composed of tiny 0.5 mm diameter crystals in volcanic rock. Its crystals are square and in a range of colors: white, pink, purple and dark green. The mineral is composed of oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, sulphur, calcium, strontium and chromium. It glistens as light can penetrate the substance.

Unlike other minerals which belong to families similar in structure, putnisite is unique. Nature joins things together to form minerals. Scientist did not believe a blend of these bases could be joined together as a unit. Researchers are clearly not as clever as nature itself.
Mineralogy by Ty Buchanan
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New Solar Power Station in Western Australia

Australia goes its own way in lower carbon power generation by opening a solar-diesel power station, the world's first, in Western Australia. Solar panels track the sun during the day. The station is built in a location that holds the record for the most days of maximum temperature. Use of the solar panels will lessen greenhouse gas emissions by 1119 tonnes a year.

the local Aboriginal community is fully supportive of the power plant in the Pilbara. Aboriginals named it Pippunyah, the name of the river nearby. Funding came from the Federal Government in its renewable remote power generation program via the Office of Energy in Western Australia.

It is unfortunate that solar power generation had to be combined with fossil fuel generation. Even getting natural gas there would have been better than diesel. It seems there is no perfect solution to the pollution problem. New systems only seem to meet requirements half way.
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Energy
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Rate of Food Allergies Is Rising

Why does Australia have the highest rate of food alergy in the world?  This is a question that should be answered.  Managing the problem is important.  Research is needed to find out why this is the case.

People in developing countries are rapidly catching up with the Western world as they adopt a "modern" food consumption style.  Clearly we are eating the wrong kind of food.  Refined products and those with artificial food flavoring, coloring and preservatives must be responsible. 

Humans have eaten natural food for over 99 per cent of evolutionary time.  The way we live has also changed.  Children today are protected from the natural environment.  Only a small minority of Western children actually play outside, where there are are natural flora and fauna so they can build resistance.

Food allergy has increased more than alergies such as asthma.  Only northern Europeans evolved to be able to digest milk.  It is no wonder that mixed race citizens and even those of general European decent have a milk allergy.  When Asian people move to Western countries whole families go down with allergies.

We need a return to the old ways.  Children need to put down electronic game pads, go outside and experiment with nature.  A controversial thing is mothers' milk.  Feeding young children cows milk is unnatural.  Mothers pass on disease resistance when they feed babies breast milk.  It contains immune-modulating compounds that make a young child's gut operate more efficiently.

For many allergies there is no treatment.  The only answer is to find the "culprit" and stop ingesting it or being near it.  Even autism has been shown to respond to high doses of probiotics.
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Science
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Aussie Bird Flies a Long Way

An Australian bird has flown a long way. Scientists were studying birds on the shores of western Alaska in the Arctic. They saw a bartailed godwit and examined the bird believing it to be a local inhabitant. The tag on its leg, however, showed that it had flown a very long way. Australian scientists had banded the bird earlier in Victoria. The small creature had travelled more than 8,000 miles.

Studies had shown that bartailed godwits usually spend their life in the same local area where they were born, though many presumed that they flew to the Arctic to breed. This has now been substantiated by the discovery. It is known that banded dunlin and semipalmated sandpipers fly to the Arctic from Asia and South America.

With the Arctic thawing, damage could be done to future breeding populations of birds. The hotter Arctic summer could affect the survival of the young. Migratory shorebirds are decreasing in number. This is due, it is believed, to habitat loss and global warming. More research is required in order to identify specific causes.
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Conservation

Those in Developing Countries Suffer More Depression

Only Western people get depressed due to their fast way of living - right? Unfortunately, this is not the case. Those in developing countries are also stressed as they struggle to survive. While Westerners do not have to worry too much about securing food, getting adequate sustenance for themselves and families is in many cases the main priority for the Third World population.

An examination of depression in developing countries by the University of Queensland on 480,000 subjects highlights this disturbing finding. People in Third World nations just do not go to doctors for treatment. The survey in 91 countries shows that stress is common across the board.

There is a fine line between depression and stress. Many would say they are the same thing. Anxiety was found to be higher in the USA with depression there being the lowest. Examining depression specifically, developing countries had more than twice the rate of the US - 9 per cent.

Political and military conflict was the main factor in causing depression. Getting correct data was the issue for researchers. Many surveyed didn't differentiate between anxiety and depression. They said they experienced mental suffering. If we in the West have difficulty in clearly defining stress and depression, it must be really challenging for those in developing countries.
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Society

Western Adults Have Chronic Raised Immune Responses

People who live in industrialized countries are physically weak when they are attacked by parasites, microbes and viruses. This is because children are increasingly being brought up in clean, sterile environments. If they are not exposed to these dangers as children they could die if "bugs" invade their bodies when they become adults.

In Ecuador, the Shuar people have a high childhood death rate, three times that in Western countries. However, as adults their immune systems are stronger. A group of Shuar adults was tested for inflammatory levels. Some had very low levels. Others had moderately high levels, below the chronic level, probably because they were in the process of becoming ill or had been sick.

Western adults have a generally high level of inflammation, constantly. There bodies fight "minor" infections all the time. Consequently, damage is caused to the body resulting in diabetes, cancer, heart attack and stroke. A Chronic level of inflammation can be a killer.

As susceptible Shuar children die, adults develop the "correct" immune response, only fighting back strongly against dangerous infections. Western adults' immune systems are not "tuned", as childhood minor infections are prevented. Basically, this is why people in developing countries may die in an epidemic, but they can survive an infective environment better than first world adults. Third world adults carry infections and have a mild immune response, when Western people would probably not survive living in such muddy conditions, particularly with the dirty water.
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Health

Religion is Weakening But It Will Not Die

The world is at war between those who believe in God and those who do not. Christianity is becoming less relevant to some as they lead busy lives. Islam is still strong and growing. The other religions are still important to many, particularly when there are hardships in life.

All religions are under threat as people clamber for democracy in countries where whole societies revolved around the dictates of the prevailing religion. From census data taken in 85 Western nations, it was found that the number of people ticking "unaffiliated" is increasing. Though the formula predicts total extinction of religious belief it is doubtful that this will actually occur. Even when a religion is outlawed people tend to go underground with their beliefs. It comes to life again when circumstances improve.

The thing is, we will never really know if there is a God. Many go to church as "insurance", just in case there is life after death. Religious books give us answers to the questions in life. Science may "disprove" such things as Adam being created just five thousand years ago but these books are so complex that a reader will find an answer somewhere in there amongst the complicated and confusing text.
~~~~~Religion~~~~~
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Aussie Bird Flies a Long Way

An Australian bird has flown a long way. Scientists were studying birds on the shores of western Alaska in the Arctic. They saw a bartailed godwit and examined the bird believing it to be a local inhabitant. The tag on its leg, however, showed that it had flown a very long way. Australian scientists had banded the bird earlier in Victoria. The small creature had travelled more than 8,000 miles.

Studies had shown that bartailed godwits usually spend their life in the same local area where they were born, though many presumed that they flew to the Arctic to breed. This has now been substantiated by the discovery. It is known that banded dunlin and semipalmated sandpipers fly to the Arctic from Asia and South America.

With the Arctic thawing, damage could be done to future breeding populations of birds. The hotter Arctic summer could affect the survival of the young. Migratory shorebirds are decreasing in number. This is due, it is believed, to habitat loss and global warming. More research is required in order to identify specific causes.
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