Showing posts with label chemical. Show all posts
Showing posts with label chemical. Show all posts

Gymnema Sylvestre to Treat Diabetes - Reduce Sugar

A new treatment to reduce the number of obese people is to be instigation world wide. Gymnema Sylvestre is a woody plant. Acids in the extract from it are similar to sweet detectors on the tongue. They block these taste buds. There is also research into using the herb for diabetes control.

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healthy dogs view featured topics expert blog dangers childbirth - watch video keep diaper bag news experts news experts news experts health news fasting help you lose weight why many blood pressure drug recalls another selfie may sign narcissist workplace bullies harm heart cdc don’t eat romaine lettuce throw out experts community message boards expert blogs news center featured topics special report america pain opioid epidemic newsletters sign receive free newsletters mobile apps subscriptions sign subscribe profile tools webmd pages account sign out share facebook share twitter share pinterest gymnema uses side effects interactions dosage warning subscribe vitamins supplements center find vitamin supplement find vitamin condition assess vitamin needs drugs medications center find drug medicine pill identifier interaction checker latest drug news find vitamin find pharmacy first aid resources first aid a-z first aid kit wound care first aid mobile related vitamins supplements drugs medications pill identifier medicine interaction checker diet weight management food recipes vitamins supplements gymnema name australian cowplant chi geng teng gemnema melicida gimnema gur-mar gurmar gurmarbooti gurmur gymnema sylvestre gymnéma gymnéma sylvestre madhunashini merasingi meshasring meshashringi miracle plant periploca sylvestris periploca woods shardunika waldschlinge vishani.

show more read reviews 59 overview uses side effects interactions dosing overview overview information gymnema woody climbing shrub native india africa leaves used make medicine gymnema has long history india ayurvedic medicine hindi name gymnema means destroyer sugar people gymnema diabetes weight loss conditions but there good scientific evidence support uses work gymnema contains substances decrease absorption sugar from intestine gymnema may increase amount insulin body increase growth cells pancreas place body insulin made uses uses effectiveness insufficient evidence diabetes early research shows taking gymnema mouth along insulin diabetes medications improve blood sugar control people type type diabetes metabolic syndrome early research shows taking gymnema 12 weeks reduce body weight body mass index overweight people metabolic syndrome but gymnema not appear help blood sugar control improve cholesterol levels people weight loss early research shows taking gymnema 12 weeks reduce body weight body mass index people overweight early research shows taking combination gymnema hydroxycitric acid niacin-bound chromium mouth reduce body weight people overweight obese cough increasing urine excretion diuretic malaria metabolic syndrome snake bites softening stool laxative stimulating digestion more evidence needed rate gymnema uses side effects side effects safety gymnema possibly safe taken mouth appropriately 20 months special precautions warnings pregnancy breast-feeding there not enough reliable information safety taking gymnema you pregnant breast feeding stay safe side avoid diabetes gymnema lower blood sugar levels people diabetes watch signs low blood sugar hypoglycemia.

monitor blood sugar carefully you have diabetes gymnema surgery gymnema affect blood sugar levels interfere blood sugar control during surgical procedures stop using gymnema least weeks scheduled surgery interactions interactions moderate interaction cautious combination insulin interacts gymnema gymnema decrease blood sugar insulin used decrease blood sugar taking gymnema along insulin cause blood sugar low monitor blood sugar closely dose insulin need changed medications diabetes antidiabetes drugs interacts gymnema gymnema supplements seem lower blood sugar people diabetes diabetes medications used lower blood sugar taking gymnema along diabetes medications cause blood sugar go low monitor blood sugar closely dose diabetes medication need changed medications used diabetes include glimepiride amaryl glyburide diabeta glynase prestab micronase insulin pioglitazone actos rosiglitazone avandia chlorpropamide diabinese glipizide glucotrol tolbutamide orinase others dosing dosing appropriate dose gymnema depends several factors user age health several conditions time there not enough scientific information determine appropriate range doses gymnema keep mind natural products not always necessarily safe dosages important sure follow relevant directions product labels consult pharmacist physician healthcare professional using previous next uses view references references ananthan r latha pari ramkumar baskar c g bai v effect.

gymnema montanum blood glucose plasma insulin carbohydrate metabolic enzymes alloxan-induced diabetic rats j med food 2003 43-49 view abstract baskaran ahamath bk shanmugasundaram kr et antidiabetic effect leaf extract from gymnema sylvestre non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients j ethnopharm 1990 30 295-305 bishayee chatterjee hypolipidaemic antiatherosclerotic effects oral gymnema sylvestre r br leaf extract albino rats fed high fat diet phytother res 1994 118-120 chattopadhyay rr possible mechanism antihyperglycemic effect gymnema sylvestre leaf extract part gen pharm 1998 31 495-496 gholap kar effects inula racemosa root gymnema sylvestre leaf extracts regulation corticosteroid induced diabetes mellitus involvement thyroid hormones pharmazie 2003 58 413-415 view abstract gupta ss variyar mc experimental studies pituitary diabetes iv effect gymnema sylvestre coccinia indica against hyperglycemia response somatotrophin corticotrophin hormones indian j med res 1964 52 200-207 jiang h advances study hypoglycemic constituents gymnema sylvestre retz schult zhong.yao cai 2003 26 305-307 view abstract khare ak tondon rn tewari jp hypoglycaemic activity indigenous drug gymnema sylvestre gurmar normal diabetic persons indian j physiol pharm 1983 27 257-258 kothe uppal r antidiabetic effects gymnema sylvestre.

short study indian j homeopath med 1997 32 1-2 61-62 66 murakami murakami kadoya et new hypoglycemic constituents gymnemic acid from gymnema sylvestre chem pharm bull 1996 44 469-471 okabayashi y tani fujisawa koide hasegawa h nakamura fujii otsuki effect gymnema sylvestre r.br glucose homeostasis rats diabetes res clin pract 1990 143-148 view abstract porchezhian dobriyal r overview advances gymnema sylvestre chemistry pharmacology patents pharmazie 2003 58 5-12 view abstract preuss h g garis r bramble j d bagchi d bagchi rao c v satyanarayana efficacy novel calcium potassium salt -hydroxycitric acid weight control int.j clin.pharmacol.res 2005 25 133-144 view abstract shanmugasundaram erb gopinath kl shanmugasundaram kr et al possible regeneration islets langerhans streptozotocin-diabetic rats given gymnema sylvestre leaf extracts j ethnopharm 1990 30 265-279 shanmugasundaram erb rajeswari g baskaran et al gymnema sylvestre leaf extract control blood glucose insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus j ethnopharm 1990 30 281-294 shanmugasundaram kr panneerselvam c samudram et al enzyme changes glucose utilisation diabetic rabbits effect gymnema sylvestre r.br j ethnopharm 1983 205-234 sinsheimer je rao gs mcilhenny hm constituents from gymnema sylvestre.

leaves v isolation preliminary characterization gymnemic acids j pharm sci 1970 59 622-628 srivastava y bhatt hv prem et al hypoglycemic life-prolonging properties gymnema sylvestre leaf extract diabetic rats israel j med sci 1985 21 540-542 terasawa h miyoshi imoto effects long-term administration gymnema sylvestre watery-extract variations body weight plasma glucose serum triglyceride total cholesterol insulin wistar fatty rats yonago acta med 1994 37 117-127 tominaga kimura sugiyama et al effects seishin-renshi-in gymnema sylvestre insulin resistance streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats diabet res clin pract 1995 29 11-17 wang lf luo h miyoshi et al inhibitory effect gymnemic acid intestinal absorption oleic acid rats j physiol pharmacol 1998 76 1017-1023 xie j wang mehendale wu j aung h h dey qiu yuan c anti-diabetic effects gymnema yunnanense extract pharmacol res 2003 47 323-329 view abstract yoshikawa murakami kadoya li y murakami yamahara j matsuda h medicinal foodstuffs ix inhibitors glucose absorption from leaves gymnema sylvestre r br asclepiadaceae structures gymnemosides chem.pharm bull tokyo 1997 45 1671-1676 view abstract ananthan r baskar c narmathabai v et al antidiabetic effect gymnema montanum leaves effect lipid peroxidation induced oxidative stress experimental diabetes pharmacol res 2003 48 551-6 view abstract arunachalam kd arun lb annamalai sk arunachalam potential anticancer properties bioactive compounds gymnema sylvestre its biofunctionalized silver nanoparticles int j nanomedicine 2014 31-41.

view abstract baskaran kizar ahamath radha shanmugasundaram shanmugasundaram er antidiabetic effect leaf extract from gymnema sylvestre non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients j ethnopharmacol 1990 30 295-300 view abstract fabio gd romanucci v de marco zarrelli triterpenoids from gymnema sylvestre their pharmacological activities molecules 2014 19 10956-81 view abstract head ka type diabetes prevention disease its complications townsend letter doctors patients 1998 180 72-84 kamble gupta moothedath khatal janrao jadhav et al effects gymnema sylvestre extract pharmacokinetics pharmacodynamics glimepiride streptozotocin induced diabetic rats chem biol interact 2016 245 30-8 view abstract katsukawa h imoto ninomiya y induction salivary gurmarin-binding proteins rats fed gymnema-containing diets chem senses 1999 24 387-92 view abstract luo h kashiwagi shibahara yamada decreased bodyweight without rebound regulated lipoprotein metabolism gymnemate genetic multifactor syndrome animal mol cell biochem 2007 299 93-8 view abstract nakamura y tsumura y tonogai y shibata fecal steroid excretion increased rats oral administration gymnemic acids contained gymnema sylvestre leaves j nutr 1999 129 1214-22 view abstract persaud sj al-majed h raman jones pm gymnema sylvestre stimulates insulin release vitro increased membrane permeability j endocrinol 1999 163 207-12 view abstract preuss hg bagchi d bagchi et al effects natural extract -hydroxycitric acid hca-sx combination hca-sx plus niacin-bound chromium gymnema sylvestre extract weight loss diabetes obes metab 2004 171-180 view abstract rammohan samit chinmoy d et al.

human cytochrome p450 enzyme modulation gymnema sylvestre predictive safety evaluation lc-ms ms pharmacogn mag 2016 jul 12 suppl s389-s394 view abstract satdive rk abhilash fulzele dp antimicrobial activity gymnema sylvestre leaf extract fitoterapia 2003 74 699-701 view abstract shanmugasundaram er rajeswari g baskaran et al gymnema sylvestre leaf extract control blood glucose insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus j ethnopharmacol 1990 30 281-94 view abstract shiyovich sztarkier nesher toxic hepatitis induced gymnema sylvestre natural remedy type diabetes mellitus j med sci 2010 340 514-7 view abstract singh vk dwivedi chaudhary br singh r immunomodulatory effect gymnema sylvestre r.br leaf extract vitro study rat model plos 2015 10 e0139631 view abstract sinsheimer je subba-rao g mcilhenny hm constitents from g sylvestre leaves isolation preliminary characterization gymnemic acids j pharmacol sci 1970 59 622-8 tiwari mishra bn sangwan ns phytochemical pharmacological properties gymnema sylvestre important medicinal plant biomed res int 2014 2014 830285 view abstract vaghela iyer pandita vitro inhibitory effect gymnema sylvestre extracts total gymnemic acids fraction select cytochrome p450 activities rat liver microsomes eur j drug metab pharmacokinet 2017 oct view abstract vaghela sahu kharkar pandita vivo pharmacokinetic interaction ethanolic extract gymnema sylvestre cyp2c9 tolbutamide cyp3a4 amlodipine cyp1a2 phenacetin.

rats chem biol interact 2017 dec 25 278 141-151 view abstract yeh gy eisenberg dm kaptchuk tj phillips rs systematic review herbs dietary supplements glycemic control diabetes diabetes care 2003 26 1277-94 view abstract zuniga ly gonzalez-ortiz martinez-abundis effect gymnema sylvestre administration metabolic syndrome insulin sensitivity insulin secretion j med food 2017 aug 20 750-54 view abstract more resources gymnema reviews 59 interaction checker search another vitamin alpha lipoic acid apple cider vinegar black cohosh calcium chromium coenzyme q ‒ dhea flaxseed folic acid ginko glucosamine melatonin niacin magnesium probiotics red yeast rice st john wort vitamin c vitamin d vitamin show more show less you like choose vitamins supplements vitamins you need you age habits longer life non-drug migraine treatments alternative treatments migraines alternative treatments ibs-d eat stay sharp longevity diet dangers high potassium potassium high find more vitamins used treat conditions diabetes metabolic syndrome weight loss show more show less conditions important information information meant supplement not replace advice from doctor healthcare provider not meant cover possible uses precautions interactions adverse effects information may not fit specific health circumstances never delay disregard seeking professional medical advice from doctor qualified health care provider because something you have read webmd you should always speak doctor health care professional.

you start stop change prescribed part health care plan treatment determine course therapy right you copyrighted material provided natural medicines comprehensive database consumer version information from source evidence-based objective without commercial influence professional medical information natural medicines see natural medicines comprehensive database professional version © therapeutic research faculty 2018 today webmd vitamins quiz you know vitamin abcs 11 supplements menopause ease hot flashes symptoms vitamin b12 you getting enough vitamin d wonder pill overkill recommended you video powerhouse fruits veggies slideshow supplements you shouldn't try slideshow why you need vitamin article st john wort depression article garcinia cambogia safe weight loss article vitamin much you need article fiber heart cholesterol digestive health slideshow you getting vitamins you need webmd special sections quiz you know vitamin b12 deficiency vitamins supplements facts health solutions nutritious milk substitute open heart alternatives cancer second opinions penis normal pain works severe aortic stenosis benefits probiotics get help ed diabetes management probiotic supplements low sugar dairy drink treating addiction affordable ed meds rehabilitation services valve disease treatment tips beat heartburn more from webmd test eye health live better ms assessment endometriosis yeast infection assessment chemo work tips prevent heartburn food chemo meningitis body managing diabetes work remedies heartburn avoid allergy triggers treating advanced prostate cancer protect yourself from bone fracture guide epilepsy what new psoriasis research sex you have genital psoriasis.

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Gimnema

Longevity Will Require Genetic Manipulation and Drug Therapy.

It may sound good to extend life by gene manipulation But it will be complex and expensive. Taxpayers will not want to pay for it. It will be okay for the wealthy. The ordinary person will lose. There will be a tax burden to provide for aged care. It could be a new industry. We do not really need it.

complicated genetic literacy project skip content menu glp mission financial transparency governorship team glp boards contributing writers write glp donate copyright contact topics daily food agriculture daily human agricultural laws regulations ancestry evolution biomedical regulations ethics biomedicine disease biotech communications brain neuroscience chemicals pesticides crops food epigenetics gene therapy health wellness human gene editing crispr breeding techniques nbts personal genomics science future sustainability greengenes synthetic biology infographics videos podcasts glp articles glp human genetics glp food agriculture special sections glp biotech profiles bees butterflies talking biotech gmo science gmo science ii gmo science iii biotech 2.0 faqs gene editing crispr gene therapy synthetic biology epigenetics personal genomics regulation bioethics gmo faq research search glp library search infographics search videos browse authors browse sources glp rss feeds external resources search menu menu glp mission financial transparency governorship team glp boards contributing writers write glp donate copyright contact topics.

daily food agriculture daily human agricultural laws regulations ancestry evolution biomedical regulations ethics biomedicine disease biotech communications brain neuroscience chemicals pesticides crops food epigenetics gene therapy health wellness human gene editing crispr breeding techniques nbts personal genomics science future sustainability greengenes synthetic biology infographics videos podcasts glp articles glp human genetics glp food agriculture special sections glp biotech profiles bees butterflies talking biotech gmo science gmo science ii gmo science iii biotech 2.0 faqs gene editing crispr gene therapy synthetic biology epigenetics personal genomics regulation bioethics gmo faq research search glp library search infographics search videos browse authors browse sources glp rss feeds external resources search menu participate newsletter donate subscribe donate 58k 5.7k search menu glp mission financial transparency governorship team glp boards contributing writers write glp donate copyright contact topics daily food agriculture daily human agricultural laws regulations ancestry evolution biomedical regulations.

ethics biomedicine disease biotech communications brain neuroscience chemicals pesticides crops food epigenetics gene therapy health wellness human gene editing crispr breeding techniques nbts personal genomics science future sustainability greengenes synthetic biology infographics videos podcasts glp articles glp human genetics glp food agriculture special sections glp biotech profiles bees butterflies talking biotech gmo science gmo science ii gmo science iii biotech 2.0 faqs gene editing crispr gene therapy synthetic biology epigenetics personal genomics regulation bioethics gmo faq research search glp library search infographics search videos browse authors browse soemicalurces glp rss feeds external resources search menu search menu glp mission financial transparency governorship team glp boards contributing writers write glp donate copyright contact topics daily food agriculture daily human agricultural laws regulations ancestry evolution biomedical regulations ethics biomedicine disease biotech communications brain neuroscience chemicals pesticides crops food epigenetics gene therapy health wellness human gene editing crispr breeding techniques nbts personal genomics science future sustainability greengenes synthetic biology infographics videos podcasts glp articles glp human genetics glp food agriculture special sections glp biotech profiles bees butterflies talking biotech gmo science gmo science ii.

gmo science iii biotech 2.0 faqs gene editing crispr gene therapy synthetic biology epigenetics personal genomics regulation bioethics gmo faq research search glp library search infographics search videos browse authors browse sources glp rss feeds external resources search menu recommended deep-space travel colonization rely genetically engineered life forms life emerged multiple times earth universe glowing trees colonoscopies wonders synthetic biology creating superwoman man benefits human enhancement biotech 2.0 faqs gene editing crispr gene therapy synthetic biology epigenetics personal genomics regulation bioethics gmo faqs fundamentals farming food health safety sustainability labeling regulation bees butterflies facts pesticides pollinators talking biotech explore future food biotech glp biotech profiles analyzing critics shaping debate extending healthy life gene manipulation sounds cool it’s complicated david warmflash genetic literacy project january 26 2015 over same theme emerging ability understand desired manipulate genes explain genetic basis various phenomena biology we’ve flurry news excitement focused genetics athletic ability effects diets personality range diseases behaviors.

same true comes lifespan added dimension it’s duration life extend it’s youthful healthy period researchers aging recently discovered extending lifespan nematode worms caenorhabditis elegans increase period youth health finding thought setback instead launches longevity research phase scientists hone genetic factors harnessed allow older people function younger people today.

science aging maturing age beginning 990s nematode studies led great deal excitement manipulating genes researchers able extend lifespan worms five fold years followed milestone described equivalent human living 400-500 years thought extended period youth vigor accounted increased lifespan study conducted university massachusetts tells different story assessing aging looking variety traits umass research suggests nematode lifespans extended manipulation aging genes actually dominated long healthy youthful period saw extension health mutants aged certain traits invariably trade-off extended period frailty inactivity animal principal investigator umass study heidi tissenbaum different previous studies looked traits associated nematode health tissenbaum’s team identified variety traits used define term healthspan distinguished lifespan discouraging finding push longevity research direction scientists begin honing genes extend health association lifespan extension genes remain physically active age genes allow play tennis we’re 70 similar 40 longevity sole criteria notes tissenbaum professor molecular cellular cancer biology umass program molecular medicine advances.

world nematodes nematodes used great deal aging research they’re simplest multicellular organisms however recent times produced several encouraging achievements life extension research involving animals example methuselah fly naming test animal character hebrew mythology lived 900 years investigators university bern switzerland recently succeeded extending lifespan drosophila melanogaster flies 50-60 percent it’s totally clear time added d melanogaster lifespan dominated extended period health however immediate effects genetic manipulation swiss researchers employed suggests extended health lifespan increase known azot altered gene swiss technique causes efficient elimination bad aging cells throughout fly’s life same time healthy cells maintained support body tissues words azot enhanced quality control gene improved quality control lifetime mean better health azot gene conserved humans fly.

study suggests analogous human effect possible study involving mice brown university revealed aging-relevant gene it’s known myc gene activity reduced mouse lifespan extended percent moreover longevity models involving mammals various health issues commonly associated mouse human aging reduced association lifespan increase specifically brown study showed reduction osteoporosis immunity problems cardiac fibrosis mice decreased myc activity mice incredibly normal long-lived john sedivy senior author study emphasizes important point longevity models caloric restriction treatment rapamycin animals live longer health issues moving ladder larger animals brings recently published results genome bowhead whales animals lifespans approaching 200 years study identified 80 genes able adapt otherwise apply humans we’re likely acquire ability dive underwater equipment hours time hope.

various studies involving species lead age whale water distant shore spot group century-old humans running beach would age twenty david warmflash astrobiologist physician science writer follow cosmicevolution read saying twitter shares facebook twitter google pinterest linkedin digg del stumbleupon tumblr vkontakte print email flattr reddit buffer love weibo pocket xing odnoklassniki managewp.org whatsapp meneame blogger amazon yahoo mail gmail aol newsvine hackernews evernote myspace mail.ru viadeo line flipboard comments yummly sms viber telegram subscribe skype facebook messenger kakao livejournal yammer edgar fintel mix instapaper popular japan poised permit gene editing human embryos 2019 mushrooms protect honey bee disease-carrying varroa mite study shows viewpoint glyphosate study suggesting danger honeybee microbiota detailed sophisticated—and wrong ‘chemical free’ organic industry’s unacknowledged ‘pesticide problem’ sexual assault brain memory gaps unusual roundup-cancer lawsuits filed we’re early stages genetic revolution.

worried viewpoint activists promotion ‘fog misinformation’ gmos challenges science communicators teaching evolution siege turkey israel india pentagon darpa program targeting crop losses turn insects ‘easily weaponized’ biological army critics claim defining life it’s created lab alive maoa cdh13 ‘human warrior genes’ violent criminals—and society popular japan poised permit gene editing human embryos 2019 mushrooms protect honey bee disease-carrying varroa mite study shows viewpoint glyphosate study suggesting danger honeybee microbiota detailed sophisticated—and wrong ‘chemical free’ organic industry’s unacknowledged ‘pesticide problem’ sexual assault brain memory gaps unusual roundup-cancer lawsuits filed we’re early stages genetic revolution worried viewpoint activists promotion ‘fog misinformation’ gmos challenges science communicators teaching evolution siege turkey israel india pentagon darpa program targeting crop losses turn insects ‘easily weaponized’ biological army critics claim defining life it’s created lab alive maoa cdh13 ‘human warrior genes’ violent criminals—and society recommended deep-space travel colonization.

rely genetically engineered life forms life emerged multiple times earth universe glowing trees colonoscopies wonders synthetic biology creating superwoman man benefits human enhancement biotech 2.0 faqs gene editing crispr gene therapy synthetic biology epigenetics personal genomics regulation bioethics gmo faqs fundamentals farming food health safety sustainability labeling regulation bees butterflies facts pesticides pollinators talking biotech explore future food biotech glp biotech profiles analyzing critics shaping debate mission financial transparency governorship team glp boards contributing writers write glp donate copyright contact topics daily food agriculture daily human agricultural laws regulations ancestry evolution biomedical regulations ethics biomedicine disease biotech communications brain neuroscience chemicals pesticides crops food epigenetics gene therapy health wellness human gene editing crispr breeding techniques nbts personal genomics science future sustainability greengenes synthetic biology infographics video podcasts glp articles glp human genetics glp food agriculture special sections glp biotech profiles.

bees butterflies talking biotech gmo science gmo science ii gmo science iii research search glp library search infographics search videos browse authors browse sources glp rss feeds external resources © 2012 2018 genetic literacy project scroll back top glp articles glp food agriculture glp human genetics topics daily food agriculture daily human agricultural laws regulations ancestry evolution biomedical regulations ethics biomedicine disease biotech communications brain neuroscience chemicals pesticides crops food epigenetics gene therapy health wellness human gene editing crispr breeding techniques nbts personal genomics science future sustainability greengenes synthetic biology podcasts infographics videos special sections glp biotech profiles bees butterflies talking biotech gmo science gmo science ii gmo science iii gene editing crispr faqs gene therapy faqs synthetic biology faqs epigenetics faqs personal genomics faqs regulation bioethics faqs gmo faqs research search glp library browse authors.

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Longevity
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GLP-1 from Platypus Venom Gives Hope for New Diabetes Treatment


Researchers have discovered that the same hormone produced in the platypus gut and stinging spurs has potential for type a 2 diabetes treatment to regulate blood glucose levels. Hormone helps diabetics.

He thinks it might worth a lot of money. seems used largely by males fight during breeding. Australia’s oddest creature platypus. Researchers have discovered that the same hormone produced in the platypus gut and stinging spurs has potential for type a 2 diabetes treatment to regulate blood glucose levels. millions years evolution shaped thing fine-tuned he says don’t need milk any platypuses professor grützner fascinated weird animals studying primates pufferfish germany he drawn shores mystery liam mannix photo university adelaide sometimes beauty strangest places tucked heel horny platypus frank grützner found beautiful word first reached european scientists discovery platypus thought had fake hoax made different parts animals stuck together sort franken-duck advertisement can understand why scientists study weirder gets sweats milk feed babies hunts sensing electrical signals hearts prey changes metabolism control body temperature heel spur secretes venom powerful enough kill dog venom professor grützner excited male platypus does use hunting why bother beak can sense heartbeats females humans causes intense pain obviously did prime candidate treating diabetes professor grützner relocated university adelaide 2005 he part team completed first sequence platypus genome time he interested creature’s crazy sex chromosomes mammals sequence completed he got phone call would change career fellow researcher mark myers myers now assistant professor federation university australia calling results sequence genes made up platypus’ insulin system team interested insulin platypuses amazingly seem lack stomach millions genes scattered one he recognised humans had gene coded protein known glp-1 human gut makes meal whereupon stimulates release insulin hormone responsible lowering blood sugar platypus glp-1 differs human versions ways important tinyest single letter dna crucial spot looked saw immediately change single amino acid exactly site peptide degraded enzyme professor grützner says glp-1 designed break quickly human bloodstream otherwise blood sugar would far would end up comatose platypus version degrades slowly makes powerful potential treatment type diabetes body loses ability insulin becomes resistant drug hold insulin levels steady long periods worth billions professor grützner's team had creature kept store glp-1 spotted happens last place would think venom dripping heel spur platypuses heat why would platypus want jab insulin booster mating rival one knows it’s fun question ponder maybe other male would go looking food females professor grützner says can weave beautiful stories scientists go looking evidence remember venom causes excruciating pain team now developed synthetic form platypus hormone avoiding thankless task milking venom randy platypuses seems stimulate insulin production least test tube step giving diabetic mouse 200 000 commercial partner medvet science go towards context promising daunting one current drugs diabetics use form glp-1 comes salivary glands gila monster venomous mexican lizard suggests venom compounds might well suited task type diabetes it’s big market says professor patrick sexton diabetes expert monash university who collaborating professor grützner's team venom research that’s spin part it’s hugely busy space people looking whole range different ways tackle never what’s going thing works drug development long tortuous path stuff even tested mice professor grützner 48 knows even goes right viable drug may developed lifetime might lead anything it’s stable can release insulin least test tube tracker integral ad science
Ancient seafarers
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Fear the Chemistry of Lithium Batteries!

Phones explode because lithium operates by chemical action.
Let's not kid ourselves here: The iPad has had battery "explosions" just as much, if not more than Samsung. It is just that Samsung is more outspoken about issues. Apple believes that if it ignores a problem it will go away. I would like to see the real statistics on all phones.
Phone exploding
Batteries operate by chemical action. What you learned at school was that chemicals are dangerous. The unexpected sometimes happens. Lithium has the capacity to store a lot of energy. This pent-up power is always looking for a way out of its container.

Though the incidents of phones catching fire is very low, the mere thought of something exploding in your pocket is frightening. Lithium batteries are notoriously unstable. They have caused fires on aircraft. Thankfully, no one has yet been killed.

We do not have any alternative to lithium batteries. They are the most efficient and can be made very small. Consumers do not want to go back to nicad or, heaven forbid, alkaline batteries.
 
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PHONE GRENADES
nicad, chemical, action, reaction, batteries, phone, samsung, apple, iphone, power

Antimalarial Drug Artemisinin Made in Green Process

There is a new drug for malaria called artemisinin. It will be synthesized in a chemical process and the procedure is "green". The French pharmaceutical company Sanofi  produces a third of the world's demand annually. Unfortunately, the synthetic drug is expensive.
Sanofi company new chemical process produces antimalarial artemisinin
Click to enlarge.
Most of artemisinin is extracted from sweet wormwood. This is simple but the synthetic version involves the conversion of glucose into artemisinic acid: then three oxygen atoms are bonded on to produce artimsinin. It is complex.

The use of toxic dichloromethane is not used in the new process. It was discovered, ironically, that water greatly assists the synthesis. It packs molecules together. Water-soluble photocatalyst is indeed clean and green. The result is a product that is purer than artemisinin taken directly from wormwood.
Chemistry by Ty Buchanan
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The Reason for the Sodium-Water Explosion is Answered

Many answers have been found for mysterious things in nature. As time moves on most of the reasons why things are have been answered. A few common scientific "happenings" still persist. If sodium is placed in water it explodes. The why has now been identified.

A sodium-water explosion was filmed on high-speed cameras. The flash is caused by sodium hydroxide and hydrogen gases being release when water upsets the balance. Heat creates a point of ignition.

The mystery is that released hydrogen gas should enclose the sodium thus stopping the explosive reaction. Like life itself the answer lies in electricity. All life, such as the nervous system, functions by the flow of electrical current.

When the film of a sodium-water explosion was slowed down electrons (as metal spikes) were seen to jump from sodium into the water. The sodium becomes positive while the water also remains positive because of its mass. Like with magnetism two positive poles repel. It is this that creates the violent explosion. The sodium is destroyed and more electrons leave increasing the contact area with water. This increases the energy of the explosion.
Science by Ty Buchanan
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New Way to Kill Cane Toads

It has recently been discovered that the way to fight the intrusive cane toad in Australia is to fence off all waterholes and dams. Without water they die. Another method has also been identified. A chemical that is in the toad itself is used against it. Tadpoles contain this chemical that kills toad eggs on contact. Those that survive grow at a slower rate than normal, so they are more vulnerable to predators.

The chemical is harmless to native species. Ways of implementing this strategy nationwide need to be developed, but this is only a matter of time. The pest has just reached the far west coast of Australia, leaping its way across the whole country.

West Australians are on search and destroy missions into the night. Queenslanders gave up on this years ago at it had no impact on their numbers. The fight continues.
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