Animals Adapt to City Life Better Than Humans

Humans are not changing much as they take to city life. Animals on the other hand are evolving rapidly. Anole lizards in Puerto Rico can walk across concrete because their feet have changed. Charles Darwin believed that evolution took thousands of years. This is not the case.

humans changing adapt city life. However, animals living cities evolving faster. Metabolisms little creatures running hot. In Puerto Rico, anole lizards travel across concrete changes their feet structure.

Charles Darwin did get wrong. Evolution not happen tens thousands years. It dynamic. Alterations rapid. PCB (Polychlorinated Biphenyls) levels rise cities kill animals. mummichog fish quickly evolved survive poisonous chemical.

The shorter lifespan living organisms faster they evolve. A long-time resident cities European blackbird. It has developed more practical beaks songs. Moreover, their digestive system digest food scraps discarded people. Urban blackbirds longer migrate.

Mosquitoes London Underground have changed dramatically. They breed one-on-one, clouds mozzies sexual frenzy their forebears. No blood meal required eggs laid. Different rail lines have their own types mosquito.

Coyotes wander streets Chicago, going rooftops raise their young. New York mice longer succumb fatty foods thrown away humans. Because people kept alive modern medicine we hardly evolve all. Eating take away food not kill us age procreation.

Animals have adapted city life adjusting their behavior. According experts CREAF, capability assures success city possibility become “urbanite” animals. A comprehensive review published studies concludes urban environments, species often change their eating habits, lose their fear humans modify their way communicating.. Blackbirds city have changed their frequency singing, their distance flight their eating habits. /Daniel Sol

Of human-induced environmental changes, urbanization rapid drastic. While majority organisms not tolerate urbanization well, few there better ever. Why there important differences animals’ tolerance environmental change? A review article published journal Animal Behaviour shows animals have been successful cities are able adjust their behavior challenges involved living cities, find new sources food, avoid inconvenience caused humans communicate noisy environments. Urbanite animals know look new sources food, avoid inconvenience humans communicate despite noise.

According To Daniel Sol, Oriol Lapiedra Cesar Gonzalez, researchers CREAF, ability adjust behaviour changes associated urbanization widespread strategy determine survival species city. In many cases, adjustments reflect flexibility behavior changes occur rapidly often involve learning. In cases, animalbehavioral differences observed urban non-urban areas reflect evolutionary changes or, alternatively, individuals appropriate behaviors have been able establish themselves city. Regardless origin behavioral differences, review points behavioral changes essential survival individuals, especially establishment phase city.

Different solutions order adapt life city. common behavioral changes, according study, related food, ability communicate their relationship humans. In first case, large number studies show “urbanized” animals change their eating habits, incorporating their diet foods associated human activity (fruits ornamental trees, garbage, etc). This makes available much food extent they become sedentary species increase density become pests.

With regard human presence, they have been observed, animals coyote black bear-they change their schedule activity avoid contact humans; many others have lost their fear humans. This case doves, depend heavily food they given voluntarily people not don’t fear, but even learn recognize people give them food, blackbird, has shortened its flight distance order carry activities being disturbed people.

The noise cities has caused “urbanized” animals modify way they communicate. In cities, example, birds increase frequency their singing duration order avoid sound interferes city noise, usually low-frequency. Researchers highlight new skills animals take advantage contamination level examples bats birds have specialized able eat insects accumulate lights night. In cases has been observed birds sing odd hours artificial lights. These results have important implications conservation, urbanization main causes biodiversity loss.” Given expected process urbanization continue threatening biological diversity near future, there certain urgency improve understanding mechanisms behavior help animals cope environmental alterations,” alerts Daniel Sol, researcher CSIC CREAF.
Animals in cities